Aníbal Cavaco Silva - President of Portugal

Aníbal Cavaco Silva

Europe Portugal Presidents
Aníbal Cavaco Silva
 Aníbal Cavaco Silva - President of Portugal
19th President of Portugal
Assumed office
9 March 2006
Prime MinisterJosé Sócrates
Pedro Passos Coelho
António Costa
Preceded byJorge Sampaio
113th Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
6 November 1985 – 28 October 1995
PresidentAntónio Ramalho Eanes
Mário Soares
DeputyEurico de Melo
Preceded byMário Soares
Succeeded byAntónio Guterres
President of the Social Democratic Party
In office
2 June 1985 – 19 February 1995
Preceded byCarlos Mota Pinto
Succeeded byFernando Nogueira
Minister of Finance
In office
3 January 1980 – 9 January 1981
Prime MinisterFrancisco Sá Carneiro
Preceded byAntónio de Sousa Franco
Succeeded byJoão Morais Leitão
Minister of Planning
In office
3 January 1980 – 9 January 1981
Prime MinisterFrancisco Sá Carneiro
Preceded byCarlos Corrêa Gago
Succeeded byJoão Morais Leitão
Personal details
BornAníbal António Cavaco Silva
15 July 1939 (age 76)
Boliqueime, Portugal
Political partySocial Democratic Party
Spouse(s)Maria Alves (1963–present)
ChildrenPatrícia Maria
ResidenceBelém Palace
Alma materTechnical University of Lisbon
University of York
ReligionRoman Catholicism
WebsiteOfficial website


President of Portugal – Professor Aníbal Cavaco Silva, born on 15 July 1939, in Boliqueime, Loulé (Algarve), is the nineteenth President of the Portuguese Republic, chose by all inclusive suffrage in 2006 and re-chose in 2011, remaining as a free applicant.

Stating that the difficulties Portugal was confronting requested an administration that supported wide accord encompassing the real national goals, Prof. Aníbal Cavaco Silva started his first command with the dedication to reinforce the connections that tie the Portuguese while nationals of the same Republic and, similarly, to practice his office with aggregate fair-mindedness and autonomy towards the different party-political strengths.

President Aníbal Cavaco Silva accomplished two supreme greater parts in authoritative races and practiced office as Prime Minister somewhere around 1985 and 1995.

He was proactive during the time spent European development, guaranteeing a focal part in a few extraordinary choices, affecting the alternatives composed into the Maastricht Treaties and ensuring the accesion of the escudo to the European Monetary System, making the conditions for the consideration of Portugal in the first gathering of nations which embraced the single European cash.

He participated in 29 European Councils where he effectively protected Portugal’s hobbies, just like the case with the Delors Packages I and II, with PEDIP (Specific Program for the Development of Portuguese Industry), and with the formation of particular bolster programs for the advancement of the Azores and Madeira. In the first 50% of 1992, under his drive, Portugal took up, surprisingly and with incredible achievement, its periodical part in the administration of the European Union.

In relations with the Portuguese talking world, Aníbal Cavaco Silva advanced changes focusing on the law based adjustment of the African administrations, supporting Angolan peace transactions and supporting comparable procedure in Mozambique. It was additionally under his authority that Portugal was at the focal point of the making of the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries (CPLP) and that choices were taken to hold yearly Portuguese-Brazilian Summits.

Aníbal Cavaco Silva loaned new elements to Portuguese remote strategy, reinforcing Portugal’s proactive part in its respective and multilateral relations, and in addition in a few provincial enclosures.

Through yearly Head of Government summit gatherings, he enhanced relations with Spain, creating exchanges in an extensive variety of territories and a more prominent improvement of cross-outskirt relations.

In the meantime he expanded the part of the Portuguese groups scattered all through the world in their nations of selection, a large portion of which he went by.

On 7 September 1995, when Aníbal Cavaco Silva was in office as Prime Minister, he was recognized in Germany with the Carl Bertelsmann Prize that the Bertelsmann Foundation chose to recompense Portugal for its achievement in the change of the work market and in the battle against unemployment. He was likewise honored the Joseph Bech Prize (1991), in Luxembourg, and the Robert Schumann decoration (1998), for his commitment towards European development, and the Freedom Prize (1995), in Switzerland, by the Schmidheiny Foundation, for his activities as a legislator and business analyst. He was recognized, in Naples, with the Mediterranean Institutions Prize (2009), honored by the Mediterranean Foundation, “as an acknowledgment for his attempts and activities in the reinforcing of solidarity and of a dynamic collaboration among the Mediterranean nations, for the advancement and improvement of Peace in that area”.

His immense distributed works incorporate the books O Mercado Financeiro Português em 1966 (The Portuguese Financial Markets in 1996), Economic Effects of Public Debt, Política Orçamental e Estabilização Económica (Budget Policies and Economic Stabilization), A Política Económica do Governo de Sá Carneiro (Economic Policy in the Sá Carneiro Government), Finanças Públicas e Política Macroeconómica (Public Finances and Macroeconomic Policy), As Reformas da Década (The Reforms of the Decade), Portugal e a Moeda Única (Portugal and the Single Currency), União Monetária Europeia (The European Monetary Union), Autobiografia Política (Political Autobiography) Volumes I and II, and Crónicas de Uma Crise Anunciada (Chronicles of an Announced Crisis).

He was the Editor of the Economia Magazine, distributed by the Portuguese Catholic University, somewhere around 1977 and 1985.

His more pertinent discourses as Prime Minister are distributed in his books Cumprir an Esperança (Fulfilling Hope) (1987), Construir a Modernidade (Constructing Modernity) (1989), Ganhar o Futuro (Conquering the Future) (1991), Afirmar Portugal no Mundo (Asserting Portugal in the World) (1993) and Manter o Rumo (Keeping on Course) (1995).

Leaving dynamic political life somewhere around 1995 and 2005, a period amid which he came back to scholarly exercises, President Aníbal Cavaco Silva kept up his astounding city inclusion, particularly through his open methodology on national and global issues.

From his first order as President of the Republic, his primary locations are incorporated into five volumes entitled “Courses”.

Aníbal Cavaco Silva took a degree in Finance in the Lisbon Higher Institute of Economic and Financial Sciences (ISCEF), and holds a doctorate in Economics by York University, in the United Kingdom. He addressed at the ISCEF, was Professor in the Faculty of Economics in Lisbon New University and, at the time he was initially chosen President of the Republic, was a Professor In the Portuguese Catholic University.

He was a specialist in the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation and headed the Bank of Portugal’s Economic Research Department, where he would later turn into an expert. He was Minister of Finance and Planning in 1980-81, in the Government of Prime Minister Francisco Sá Carneiro, and was President of the National Council for the Plan somewhere around 1981 and 1984. He was President of the Social Democrat Party (PSD) between May 1985 and February 1995.

President Aníbal Cavaco Silva was awrded privileged degrees by the University of York (United Kingdom), La Coruña (Spain), Goa (India), León (Spain) and Heriot-Watt (Edinburgh, Scotland), and is an individual from the Royal Academy of Moral and Political Sciences of Spain, of the Madrid Club for Democratic Transition and Consolidation and of the Global Leadership Foundation.

All through his political life he was granted a few national and remote designs.

Aníbal Cavaco Silva did his national administration as an Army officer somewhere around 1962 and 1965 in Lourenço Marques (now Maputo), Mozambique.

He is happily married to Maria Alves da Silva Cavaco Silva. They have two children and five grandchildren.

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