|36th President of Brazil|
1 January 2011
|Vice President||Michel Temer|
|Preceded by||Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva|
|Chief of Staff of the Presidency|
21 June 2005 – 31 March 2010
|President||Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva|
|Preceded by||José Dirceu|
|Succeeded by||Erenice Guerra|
|Minister of Mines and Energy|
1 January 2003 – 21 June 2005
|President||Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva|
|Preceded by||Francisco Luiz Sibut Gomide|
|Succeeded by||Silas Rondeau|
|Born||Dilma Vana Rousseff
14 December 1947
Belo Horizonte, Brazil
|Political party||Workers’ Party|
|Spouse(s)||Cláudio Galeno Linhares (1967–69)
Carlos Franklin Paixão de Araújo (1969–2000)
|Children||Paula Rousseff Araújo (born 1976)|
|Residence||Alvorada Palace (official)
Porto Alegre (private)
|Alma mater||Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul|
President Dilma Vana Rousseff was born in Belo Horizonte, on December 14, 1947, to the Bulgarian legal counselor, and settler to Brazil, Pedro Rousseff, and to the teacher from Rio de Janeiro, Dilma Jane da Silva. She is the center offspring of three kin, in the middle of Igor and Zana.
She started her studies in the customary school Our Lady of Sion, in Belo Horizonte and later, at 16 years old, in the Central State High School, she confronted her first fights for majority rules system, social equity and financial advancement in her nation. She took to the roads to dissent against the military upset that expelled chose President João Goulart and partook in the sorted out resistance against the tyranny
A committed, valiant, decided aggressor, she was captured and tormented inside of the undergrounds of the military administration. Amid her activism against the fascism she met the legal counselor from Rio Grande do Sul Carlos Franklin Paixão de Araújo, with whom she kept up a relationship that went on for more than thirty years. Detained by the military administration, she put in about three years (1970-1972) in the Tiradentes prison, in São Paulo. Liberated in 1973, she moved to Porto Alegre and started to study Economics at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul. In 1975, she began filling in as an assistant at the Economics and Statistics Foundation (Fundação de Economia e Estatística, FEE), an administration office in Rio Grande do Sul, and graduated with a four year college education in Economics in 1977. In 1990, she comes back to the FEE, selected President of the organization. In 1976, she brought forth Paula Rousseff Araujo, whom, after thirty years, brought forth her adored grandson, Gabriel, with whom, at whatever point conceivable, Dilma Rousseff spends her Sunday evenings at the Alvorada Palace, or at her home in Porto Alegre.
In the mid 80’s, she helped previous senator Leonel Brizola discovered the Democratic Labor Party (PDT) in Rio Grande do Sul. She turned into a counselor to the work seat in the State Legislative Assembly and, by welcome of the chairman Alceu Collares, a gathering part, took office at the Municipal Secretariat of Finance in Porto Alegre. Chosen representative in 1993, Collares named her State Secretary of Energy, Mines and Communication. In 1998, Dilma Rousseff began her doctoral project in Economics at the State University of Campinas (Unicamp) in São Paulo, however because of her dynamic association in the Governor’s race battle in Rio Grande do Sul, she didn’t protect her proposal. She was re-named Secretary of Energy when, in 1999, Olivio Dutra took office as senator, under a PT-PDT coalition. In 2000 Dilma Rousseff joined the Workers’ Party (PT). In 2001, a genuine vitality emergency challenges the nation’s energy dissemination, however Rio Grande do Sul was one of only a handful few conditions of the Federation not to endure any power outages. Recognizing her work at the Secretariat amid the emergency, President-choose Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva welcomed Dilma Rousseff, in late 2002, to join the move group to the following Federal government. After Lula’s introduction, she was designated Minister of Mines and Energy.
In 2003-2005, she drove a noteworthy upgrade at the Ministry through the production of purported administrative system (laws and specialized guidelines that manage the State’s relations with the business) and arranged the nation to turn away power deficiencies in the occasion of new water emergencies. Also, she led Petrobrás’ Board of Directors, brought biodiesel into the Brazilian vitality framework and made the Luz para Todos (Light for All) system.
Lula delegated Dilma Rousseff as Chief of Staff in 2005 to arrange the Ministries. She assumed control over the coordination of key activities, for example, the Programa de Aceleração do Crescimento, PAC (Growth Acceleration Program) and the well known lodging project Minha Casa, Minha Vida (My House, My Life). She additionally organized the Interministerial Commission in charge of setting out the guidelines for the abuse of the newfound Pre-Salt oil saves and sat on the Federal Government Budget Board.
On April 3, 2010 Dilma Rousseff left the Federal government to keep running for president. On June 13, the PT formalized her application. In the second round of the races, on 31 October 2010, Dilma Rousseff, at 63 years old, was chosen President of the Federative Republic of Brazil, with more than 55.7 million votes (56.05%). She was the initially chosen lady to involve the Planalto Palace, and the first lady delegated Secretary of Finance of Porto Alegre, the first State Secretary of Energy, the first lady Minister of Mines and Energy and Chief of Staff also.
In 2014 she kept running for re-decision, following a four-year government checked by the reinforcing of social incorporation and disparity lessening projects dispatched under Lula’s administration. The Bolsa Família (Family Grant) and the Brasil Sem Miséria (Brazil Without Poverty) projects lifted 36 million Brazilians out of amazing neediness – 22 million of them were recipients amid Dilma Rousseff‘s term, on account of improvements to the Bolsa Família program, which as of now helps 13.9 million families; more than 3.5 million lodging units were constructed under the Minha casa, Minha Vida; 42 million individuals rose to the white collar class; the lowest pay permitted by law was expanded by 72% above expansion and 20.9 million formal employments were opened in ten years. Moreover, amid her office term the universal offering of the Campo de Libra, in the Pre-Salt, under the sharing configuration occurred, which ought to produce R$ 638 billion in assets for instruction and wellbeing for the following 35 years, and R$ 368 billion for the Fundo (Social Fund).
Amid her term in office, Dilma Rousseff has made more and new projects to enhance the lives of Brazilians. She executed the Mais Médicos (More Doctors) project which, in under two years, contracted more than 14,000 specialists in Brazil and abroad to meet perpetual deficiencies in the edges of substantial urban communities and in the most impeded regions in the nation. Today, Mais Médicos is in 3800 urban areas, helping an expected populace of 50 million. Furthermore, she made extra 11,400 openings in college classes in Medicine and 12,400 therapeutic residency positions.
In the field of instruction, notwithstanding the association with states and districts to enhance pre-school, rudimentary and auxiliary training, new colleges inside of the nation were set up and the Programa Nacional de Acesso ao Ensino Técnico e Emprego, Pronatec (National Program for Access to Technical Education and Employment) was dispatched, which has as of now secured free specialized preparing and in addition expert instructional classes for 8 million youthful laborers, and goes for profiting 12 million throughout the following four years. The advantages of the projects ProUni, Fies and Ciência sem Fronteiras (Science without Borders) add to a more general and fair advanced education and upgrade the chances of abroad study programs for the understudies. With verging on consistent backing from Congress to the administration’s proposition on the Marco Civil da Internet (Brazilian Civil Rights Framework for the Internet), Brazil turned into the first nation to have a law that merges the Internet as a free and popularity based space, vital to social support, advancement and, particularly, to the activity of citizenship.
Amid President Dilma Rousseff‘s first term, US$ 143 billion were bound to interest in urban versatility, the biggest designation of open assets into open transportation in our history. Also, speculations to grow and modernize ports, airplane terminals and parkways all through the nation have been made are as yet continuous.
Brazil facilitated a Confederations Cup and the world’s biggest wearing occasion, the World Soccer Cup, which were effectively composed. Coordinated Command and Control Centers were built up in each World Cup host city, an instrument that is an irrefutable legacy to Public Security in the nation.
Additionally to the eight years of Lula’s administration, Dilma Rousseff‘s four-year term in office added to macroeconomic soundness; to lessening the net obligation of people in general part, which in 2002-2014 tumbled from 60% to 35% of GDP; to the amassing of US$ 380 billion of outside trade stores; to the solidification of vote based system in every one of its viewpoints, from full regard for individual rights to full opportunity of the press, and the protection of a domain of amicability with its South American neighbors, with whom Brazil has found a sense of contentment for more than 140 years.
Brazil has turned out to be more dynamic, more human, more equivalent. In the month that the nation accomplished the most reduced unemployment rate of all its history, 4.7%, Dilma Rousseff was re-chosen president of the Republic, in the second round of elections,on October 26, 2014, with more than 54.5 million votes (51.64%).