François Hollande

François Hollande
President of France
Incumbent
Assumed office
15 May 2012
Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault
Manuel Valls
Preceded by Nicolas Sarkozy
Co-Prince of Andorra
Incumbent
Assumed office
15 May 2012
Serving with Joan Enric Vives Sicília
Prime Minister Antoni Martí
Gilbert Saboya Sunyé (Acting)
Antoni Martí
Representative Sylvie Hubac
Thierry Lataste
Preceded by Nicolas Sarkozy
President of the Corrèze General Council
In office
20 March 2008 – 15 May 2012
Preceded by Jean-Pierre Dupont
Succeeded by Gérard Bonnet
First Secretary of the Socialist Party
In office
27 November 1997 – 27 November 2008
Preceded by Lionel Jospin
Succeeded by Martine Aubry
Mayor of Tulle
In office
17 March 2001 – 17 March 2008
Preceded by Raymond-Max Aubert
Succeeded by Bernard Combes
Member of the National Assembly
for Corrèze’s 1st Constituency
In office
12 June 1997 – 15 May 2012
Preceded by Raymond-Max Aubert
Succeeded by Sophie Dessus
In office
12 June 1988 – 17 May 1993
Preceded by Proportional representation
Succeeded by Raymond-Max Aubert
Member of the European Parliament
for France
In office
20 July 1999 – 17 December 1999
Preceded by Proportional representation
Succeeded by Anne Ferreira
Personal details
Born François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande
12 August 1954 (age 61)
Rouen, France
Political party Socialist Party
Domestic partner Ségolène Royal (1978–2007)
Valérie Trierweiler (2007–14)
Children Thomas
Clémence
Julien
Flora
Residence Élysée Palace
Alma mater Pantheon-Assas University
HEC Paris
Sciences Po
École nationale d’administration
Signature François Hollande
Website Official Facebook

 

François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande born 2 August 1954) is a French politician who has been the President of France since 2012. François Hollande was previously the First Secretary of the French Socialist Party from 1997 to 2008, the Mayor of Tulle from 2001 to 2008 and the President of the Corrèze General Council from 2008 to 2012. He also served in the National Assembly twice as the Member for Corrèze’s 1st Constituency from 1988 to 1993 and again from 1997 to 2012.

 

François Hollande was born in Rouen, to a middle-class family. His mother, Nicole Frédérique Marguerite Tribert (1927–2009), was a social worker, and his father, Georges Gustave Hollande, an ear, nose, and throat doctor who “had once run on a far right ticket in local politics.” François Hollande was raised Catholic, but became an agnostic in later life, and now considers himself as an atheist (In December 2011, François Hollande told the French Christian magazine La Vie that he respects all religious practices but has none of his own). The family moved to Neuilly-sur-Seine, a highly exclusive suburb of Paris, when François Hollande was thirteen

He attended Saint-Jean-Baptiste-de-la-Salle boarding school, a private Catholic school in Rouen, the Lycée Pasteur, in Neuilly-sur-Seine, then graduated with a bachelor degree in law from Panthéon-Assas University. Then he studied atHEC Paris where he graduated in 1975, before attending the Institut d’études politiques de Paris and the École nationale d’administration. He graduated from ENA in 1980 and chose to enter the prestigious Cour des comptes. He lived in the United States in the summer of 1974 while he was a university student. Immediately after graduating, he was employed as a councillor in the Court of Audit.

 

Five years after volunteering as a student to work for François Mitterrand’s ultimately unsuccessful campaign in the1974 presidential election, François Hollande joined the Socialist Party. He was quickly spotted by Jacques Attali, a senior adviser to Mitterrand, who arranged for François Hollande to stand for election to the French National Assembly in 1981 in Corrèze against future President Jacques Chirac, who was then the Leader of the Rally for the Republic, a Neo-Gaullistparty. François Hollande lost to Chirac in the first round.

He went on to become a special advisor to newly elected President Mitterrand, before serving as a staffer for Max Gallo, the government’s spokesman. After becoming a municipal councillor for Ussel in 1983, he contested Corrèze for a second time in 1988, this time being elected to the National Assembly. François Hollande lost his bid for re-election to the National Assembly in the so-called “blue wave” of the 1993 election, described as such due to the number of seats gained by the Right at the expense of the Socialist Party.

 

For over thirty years, his partner was fellow Socialist politician Ségolène Royal, with whom he has four children: Thomas (1984), Clémence (1985), Julien (1987) and Flora (1992). In June 2007, just a month after Royal’s defeat in the French presidential election of 2007, the couple announced that they were separating.

A few months after his split from Ségolène Royal was announced, a French website published details of a relationship between François Hollande and French journalistValérie Trierweiler. In November 2007, Trierweiler confirmed and openly discussed her relationship with François Hollande in an interview with the French weekly Télé 7 Jours. She remained a reporter for the magazine Paris Match, but ceased work on political stories. Trierweiler moved into the Élysée Palace with François Hollande when he became president and started to accompany him on official travel.

On 25 January 2014, François Hollande officially announced his separation from Valérie Trierweiler after the tabloid magazine Closer revealed his affair with actress Julie Gayet. In September 2014 Trierweiler published a book about her time with François Hollande titled Merci pour ce moment (Thank You for This Moment). The memoir claimed the president presented himself as disliking the rich, but in reality disliked the poor. The claim brought an angry reaction and rejection from François Hollande, who said he had spent his life dedicated to the under-privileged.

 

 

François Hollande was elected President of France on 6 May 2012. He was inaugurated on 15 May, and shortly afterwards appointed Jean-Marc Ayrault to be his Prime Minister. He also appointed Benoît Puga to be the military’s chief of staff,Pierre-René Lemas as his general secretary and Pierre Besnard as his Head of Cabinet. On his first official visit to a foreign country in his capacity as president of France, the airplane transporting him was hit by lightning. The plane returned safely to Paris where he took another flight to Germany. The first measures he took were to lower the income of the president, the prime minister, and other members of the government by 30%, and to make them sign a “code of ethics”.

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