14th President of the United States
March 4, 1853 – March 4, 1857
|Vice President||William R. King (1853)
|Preceded by||Millard Fillmore|
|Succeeded by||James Buchanan|
|United States Senator
from New Hampshire
March 4, 1837 – February 28, 1842
|Preceded by||John Page|
|Succeeded by||Leonard Wilcox|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Hampshire‘s at-large district
March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1837
|Preceded by||Joseph Hammons|
|Succeeded by||Jared Williams|
|Born||November 23, 1804
Hillsborough, New Hampshire
|Died||October 8, 1869 (aged 64)
Concord, New Hampshire
|Resting place||Old North Cemetery
Concord, New Hampshire
|Spouse(s)||Jane Appleton (m. 1834; her death 1863)|
|Alma mater||Bowdoin College
Northampton Law School
Franklin Pierce, the fourteenth U.S. President, was conceived on November 23, 1804, in Hillsboro, New Hampshire. His dad, Benjamin, was an American Revolutionary War legend who held some political ability in the family’s country town. His mom, Anna Kendrick Pierce, had eight youngsters, whose training she made her top need.
At 12 years old, Franklin Pierce left the state funded schools framework to go to private institutes. When he turned 15, he selected at Bowdoin College in Maine, where he exceeded expectations at open talking. In 1824, Franklin Pierce graduated fifth in his class.
In 1829, when Franklin Pierce was 24 years of age, he was chosen to the New Hampshire State Legislature. Inside of two years, he was chosen as its Speaker of the House, with the guide of his dad, who had by then been chosen representative.
In the 1830s, Franklin Pierce was sent to Washington as a state delegate. In spite of his quick rising in the realm of governmental issues, Franklin Pierce soon discovered his life in Washington both dreary and desolate. In the wake of adding to a reliance on liquor, he chose the time had come to settle down. In 1834, he wedded a modest religious lady named Jane Means Appleton, who upheld the moderation development. Jane detested the Washington way of life considerably more than her spouse did. By the by, a year after the couple’s first of three children were conceived, Franklin Pierce acknowledged his race to the U.S. Senate.
In 1841, under his wife’s determined encouraging, Franklin Pierce at long last consented to leave from the Senate. A short time later, he joined the restraint development and began filling in as a lawyer.
At the point when the Mexican-American War started, Franklin Pierce turned into a private, enlisting men for the New Hampshire Volunteers. In 1847, Franklin Pierce, by then a brigadier general, drove a campaign to attack the Mexican shores of Veracruz under General Winfield Scott.
At the point when the Mexican government was all the while unwilling to give into America’s requests, Franklin Pierce and Scott went to Mexico City. In spite of the fact that they scored two triumphs there, Franklin Pierce harmed his leg when he was tossed from his steed. While as yet recuperating, he missed the Army’s last triumph at the Battle of Chapultepec, in 1847. After the war, Franklin Pierce went home to his family in New Hampshire.
Back in New Hampshire, Franklin Pierce turned into the pioneer of the state’s Democratic Party. As the presidential decision of 1852 drew nearer, the Democratic Party looked for an applicant who was a master subjection Northerner—to pull in voters on both sides of the bondage issue. Taking into account that plan, Franklin Pierce made the perfect competitor, regardless of the possibility that it implied that he needed to keep running against his previous leader, General Winfield Scott of the Whig Party. After a gridlock, Franklin Pierce was chosen president, yet the delight of his triumph was soon obscured by the demise of one of his children, brought on by a train mischance.
Once in office, Franklin Pierce confronted the topic of Kansas’ and Nebraska’s bondage status. When he consented to sign the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854, it transformed Kansas into a battleground for the nation’s contention over bondage. Puncture’s treatment of the undertaking created his popularity based supporters to desert him amid the 1856 presidential race, for his successor, James Buchanan.
Taking after his term as president, Franklin Pierce resigned to Concord, New Hampshire. Amid the Civil War, he was at the end of the day vocal about his perspective as a Northerner, with an all the more ordinarily Southern perspective of subjection. He was likewise frank in his restriction to the country’s new president, Abraham Lincoln. Puncture’s disliked perspective gathered him a few foes among his kindred Northerners.
Nearing the end of his life and blurring rapidly into indefinite quality, Franklin Pierce took up drinking once more. He passed on October 8, 1869, in Concord, New Hampshire. He was covered there, in the Old North Cemetery.