James Buchanan




James Buchanan

15th President of the United States

In office
March 4, 1857 – March 4, 1861
Vice President John C. Breckinridge
Preceded by Franklin Pierce
Succeeded by Abraham Lincoln
United States Minister to the United Kingdom
In office
August 23, 1853 – March 15, 1856
President Franklin Pierce
Preceded by Joseph Reed Ingersoll
Succeeded by George Dallas
17th United States Secretary of State
In office
March 10, 1845 – March 7, 1849
President James K. Polk
Preceded by John C. Calhoun
Succeeded by John M. Clayton
United States Senator
In office
December 6, 1834 – March 5, 1845
Preceded by William Wilkins
Succeeded by Simon Cameron
United States Minister to Russia
In office
January 4, 1832 – August 5, 1833
President Andrew Jackson
Preceded by John Randolph
Succeeded by Mahlon Dickerson
Chairman of the House Committee on the Judiciary
In office
March 5, 1829 – March 3, 1831
Preceded by Philip Pendleton Barbour
Succeeded by Warren R. Davis
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Pennsylvania‘s 4th district
In office
March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1831
Preceded by James S. Mitchell
Succeeded by William Hiester
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Pennsylvania‘s 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1821 – March 3, 1823
Preceded by Jacob Hibshman
Succeeded by Daniel Miller
Personal details
Born April 23, 1791
Cove Gap, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died June 1, 1868 (aged 77)
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Resting place Woodward Hill Cemetery
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Dickinson College
Profession Lawyer
Religion Presbyterianism
Signature  James Buchanan signature



James Buchanan was conceived in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania, on April 23, 1791. His dad, James Sr., was a well-to-do dealer and rancher, and his mom, Elizabeth, wise and well-perused. As a young man, James Buchanan was taught at the Old Stone Academy in his town, and later, Dickinson College, where he was almost suspended for terrible conduct before at last graduating in 1809.

Subsequent to moving on from school, James Buchanan moved to Lancaster, Pennsylvania, where he considered law, and, in 1812, he was admitted to the bar. Presently, he enrolled in the military toward the begin of the War of 1812 and partook in the resistance of Baltimore.

In 1814, at age 23, James Buchanan started what might be a long political profession when he was chosen as an individual from the Federalist Party to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives. He later won a seat in the U.S. Place of Representatives, where he served five continuous terms, from 1821 to 1831. In 1832, when Andrew Jackson was chosen to his second term as president, he delegated James Buchanan as his emissary to Russia, a post in which James Buchanan further demonstrated his fitness as a representative.

In 1834 James Buchanan came back to the United States and won a seat in Senate as a Democrat, a position he would hold for the following 10 years, until, in 1845, he surrendered to serve as James K. Polk’s secretary of state, a position he used to encourage an expansionist plan. In 1852, he made an unsuccessful offer for the Democratic presidential selection, losing to Franklin Pierce, who, in the wake of being chosen president, made James Buchanan his clergyman to England.

In 1856 James Buchanan effectively vanquished Republican competitor John C. Fremont and, on March 4, 1857, was confirmed as the fifteenth president of the United States. In his inaugural location, James Buchanan, who had won, in no little part, because of the bolster he had gathered in the southern states, emphasized a conviction that had been one of the significant running purposes of his battle: that servitude was a matter for states and regions to choose, not the government. He went ahead to propose that the matter was one that would be effortlessly determined, both “rapidly lastly.” Historians have refered to these comments as demonstrative of James Buchanan’s essential misconception of the issue.

Soon after his initiation, the Dred Scott choice was conveyed, basically expressing that the central government had no privilege to prohibit bondage in the domains. Around this time, James Buchanan additionally endeavored to determine the servitude debate in Kansas, with the goal that it could concede to a constitution and be admitted to the Union. James Buchanan bolstered the ace bondage Lecompton constitution, which passed the House however was obstructed by the Senate and eventually crushed.

Before the end of James Buchanan’s administration, the subjugation issue debilitated to destroy the nation. At the point when Abraham Lincoln was chosen president in 1860, the likelihood that few states would withdraw was drawing nearer probability. In his last deliver to Congress, James Buchanan contended that while the states had no lawful right to withdrew, the national government had no privilege to keep them from doing as such. In spite of James Buchanan’s endeavors to avoid it, on December 20, 1860, South Carolina turned into the first state to withdraw. By February 1861, six more states went with the same pattern and the Confederate States of America was shaped. At the point when James Buchanan left office on March 3, 1861, to resign to his bequest outside of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, he exited the country on the very edge of common war.

In 1819, James Buchanan got to be locked in to Ann Caroline Coleman, the little girl of a well off iron investor. Their engagement was a troubled one, in any case, and in the midst of bits of gossip that James Buchanan was seeing other ladies, Coleman severed the engagement. She kicked the bucket presently, leaving James Buchanan beaten down, and her family to censure him for her passing, to the point that they would not give him a chance to go to her memorial service. James Buchanan promised to never wed, and he never did. At the point when James Buchanan in the long run won the administration, his niece Harriet Lane accepted the obligations of first woman. James Buchanan is the main lone ranger president in U.S. history.


In his retirement, James Buchanan committed a lot of his opportunity to guarding his treatment of occasions prompting the Civil War, for which he was at last faulted. In 1866 he distributed a journal, in which he laid fault for the war on abolitionists and Republicans. The book was disregarded, and James Buchanan withdrew into security. He kicked the bucket on June 1, 1868, at 78 years old, in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and was covered in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.

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