20th President of the United States
March 4, 1881 – September 19, 1881
|Vice President||Chester A. Arthur|
|Preceded by||Rutherford B. Hayes|
|Succeeded by||Chester A. Arthur|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio‘s 19th district
March 4, 1863 – November 8, 1880
|Preceded by||Albert G. Riddle|
|Succeeded by||Ezra B. Taylor|
|Born||James Abram Garfield
November 19, 1831
Moreland Hills, Ohio, U.S.
|Died||September 19, 1881 (aged 49)
Elberon, New Jersey, U.S.
|Resting place||James A. Garfield Memorial,Lake View Cemetery
Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Lucretia Rudolph (m. 1858; his death 1881)|
|Children||7, including Eliza Arabella (“Trot”), Harry Augustus (“Hal”), James Rudolph, andAbram|
|Alma mater||Hiram College
· Lay preacher
|Religion||Christian Church (Church of Christ)|
James Abram Garfield was conceived on November 19, 1831, in a log lodge in Orange Township, Ohio. Garfield’s dad, a wrestler, kicked the bucket when Garfield was a newborn child.
James Garfield exceeded expectations in scholastics, especially Latin and Greek. From 1851 to 1854, he went to the Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (later renamed Hiram College), and later selected at Williams College. In the wake of finishing his studies, James Garfield came back to the Eclectic Institute as a teacher and manager. In his extra time, he talked openly in backing of the Republican Party and cancelation. On November 11, 1858, James Garfield wedded Lucretia Rudolph, a previous understudy. They at last had seven youngsters.
In 1859, James Garfield started to study law. In the meantime, he set out on a vocation in legislative issues. He was chosen to the Ohio State Senate in 1859, serving until 1861.
In the mid year of 1861, James Garfield was authorized a lieutenant colonel in the Union Army. Soon thereafter, he was elevated to the rank of brigadier general, directing a unit at the Battle of Shiloh in 1862.
James Garfield’s political profession kept amid wartime. In October 1862, he won a seat in Congress, speaking to Ohio’s nineteenth Congressional District. After the race, James Garfield migrated to Washington, where he added to a nearby collusion with Treasury Secretary Salmon P. Pursue. Garfield turned into an individual from the Radical Republicans, drove by Chase, and got himself baffled by conservatives including Abraham Lincoln.
James Garfield favored nullification, as well as trusted that the pioneers of the resistance had relinquished their established rights. He upheld the seizure of southern manors and the discipline of resistance pioneers.
Taking after President Lincoln’s death, James Garfield endeavored to enhance the strife between his own Radical Republicans and the new president, Andrew Johnson. At the point when Johnson undermined the Freedman’s Bureau, notwithstanding, James Garfield rejoined the Radicals, in this way supporting Johnson’s indictment.
James Garfield was designated as the Republican possibility for the administration in 1880 as a trade off. The profoundly separated tradition assigned Chester A. Arthur, a Stalwart Republican, for the bad habit administration. James Garfield and Arthur were chosen to office over Democratic competitor Winfield S. Hancock.
Office-seekers assaulted James Garfield promptly taking after his race, persuading the new president of the significance of common administration change. Amid his constrained time in office, James Garfield figured out how to start change of the Post Office Department, and to reassert the predominance of the workplace of the president over the U.S. Senate on the issue of official arrangements.
James Garfield likewise promised to submit himself to the reason for social equality. He prescribed a widespread instruction framework financed by the government, to a limited extent to enable African Americans. He additionally named a few previous slaves, including Frederick Douglass, to conspicuous government positions.