James K Polk


James K. Polk

11th President of the United States

In office
March 4, 1845 – March 4, 1849
Vice President George M. Dallas
Preceded by John Tyler
Succeeded by Zachary Taylor
9th Governor of Tennessee
In office
October 14, 1839 – October 15, 1841
Preceded by Newton Cannon
Succeeded by James C. Jones
13th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
In office
December 7, 1835 – March 4, 1839
President Andrew Jackson
Martin Van Buren
Preceded by John Bell
Succeeded by Robert M. T. Hunter
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Tennessee‘s 9th district
In office
March 4, 1833 – March 4, 1839
Preceded by William Fitzgerald
Succeeded by Harvey Magee Watterson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
Tennessee‘s 6th district
In office
March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1833
Preceded by John Alexander Cocke
Succeeded by Balie Peyton
Personal details
Born James Knox Polk
November 2, 1795
Pineville, North Carolina, U.S.
Died June 15, 1849 (aged 53)
Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.
Resting place Tennessee State Capitol
Nashville, Tennessee
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Sarah Childress (m. 1824; his death 1849)
Alma mater University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Profession Lawyer
Religion Methodist (formerly Presbyterianism)
Signature  james k polk signature


James Knox Polk (James K. Polk) was born in Pineville, a residential area in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, on November 2, 1795, and graduated with distinction in 1818 from the University of North Carolina. Abandoning his law hone, he served in the Tennessee council, where he got to be companions with Andrew Jackson. James K. Polk moved from the Tennessee governing body to the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1825 to 1839 (and serving as speaker of the House from 1835 to 1839). He cleared out his congressional post to wind up legislative head of Tennessee.

Driving into the presidential decision of 1844, James K. Polk was the leader for the Democratic designation for the bad habit administration. Both would-be presidential hopefuls, Martin Van Buren for the Democrats and Henry Clay for the Whigs, looked to skirt the expansionist (“show predetermination”) issue amid the battle, considering it to be possibly dubious. The initial phase in separating their battles was pronouncing resistance to the extension of Texas. James K. Polk, then again, took a hard position on the issue, demanding the extension of Texas and, roundaboutly, Oregon.

Enter Andrew Jackson, who realized that the American open supported westbound development. He looked to run a competitor in the decision focused on the statutes of show fate, and at the Democratic Convention, James K. Polk was named to keep running for the administration. James K. Polk went ahead to win the well known vote by a razor-slight edge, however took the constituent school helpfully.

James Polk took office on March 4, 1845—and, at 49 years old, he turned into the most youthful president in American history. Before James K. Polk took the pledge of office, Congress offered addition to Texas, and when they acknowledged and turned into another state, Mexico disjoined strategic relations with the United States and pressures between the two nations heightened.

Concerning Oregon region, which was much bigger than the present condition of Oregon, President James K. Polk would need to battle with England, who had mutually possessed the region for about 30 years. James K. Polk’s political associates guaranteed the whole Oregon region for the United States, from California northward to the 54° 40′ scope (the southern limit of what is presently Alaska), thus the mantra “54-40 or battle!” was conceived. Neither England nor the James K. Polk organization needed a war, and James K. Polk realized that just war would likely permit the United States to guarantee the area.

After forward and backward arrangement, and some successful hard ball played by James K. Polk, the British acknowledged the 49th parallel as the northern outskirt (the momentum fringe between the United States and Canada), barring the southern tip of Vancouver Island, and the arrangement was fixed in 1846.

Things went less easily in the chase for California and New Mexico, and constantly expanding pressures prompted the Mexican-American War. After a few fights and the American control of Mexico City, Mexico surrendered New Mexico and California in 1848, and across the nation development was finish.



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