5th President of the United States
March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1825
|Vice President||Daniel Tompkins|
|Preceded by||James Madison|
|Succeeded by||John Quincy Adams|
|8th United States Secretary of War|
September 27, 1814 – March 2, 1815
|Preceded by||John Armstrong, Jr.|
|Succeeded by||William Crawford|
|7th United States Secretary of State|
April 2, 1811 – March 4, 1817
|Preceded by||Robert Smith|
|Succeeded by||John Quincy Adams|
|12th and 16th Governor of Virginia|
December 28, 1799 – December 1, 1802
|Preceded by||James Wood|
|Succeeded by||John Page|
January 16, 1811 – April 2, 1811
|Preceded by||George William Smith|
|Succeeded by||George William Smith|
|United States Minister to the United Kingdom|
April 18, 1803 – February 26, 1808
|Nominated by||Thomas Jefferson|
|Preceded by||Rufus King|
|Succeeded by||William Pinkney|
|United States Minister to France|
May 28, 1794 – September 9, 1796
|Nominated by||George Washington|
|Preceded by||Gouverneur Morris|
|Succeeded by||Charles Pinckney|
|United States Senator
November 9, 1790 – March 29, 1794
|Preceded by||John Walker|
|Succeeded by||Stevens Mason|
|Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation
November 3, 1783 – November 7, 1786
|Preceded by||New seat|
|Succeeded by||Henry Lee|
|Born||April 28, 1758
Monroe Hall, Virginia, British America
|Died||July 4, 1831 (aged 73)
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Resting place||Hollywood Cemetery
|Spouse(s)||Elizabeth Kortright (m. 1786; her death 1830)|
|Alma mater||College of William and Mary|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch|| Continental Army
|Years of service||1775–1777 (Army)
|Battles/wars||American Revolutionary War
• Battle of Trenton
Conceived on April 28, 1758, in Westmoreland County, Virginia, James Monroe battled under George Washington and concentrated on law with Thomas Jefferson. He was chosen the fifth president of the United States in 1817. He is associated with the Monroe Doctrine, and in addition for extending U.S domain by means of the securing of Florida from Spain. Monroe, who kicked the bucket in 1831, was the remainder of the Founding Fathers.
James Monroe was the last American president of the “Virginia Dynasty,” so named in light of the fact that four of the initial five presidents were from Virginia. He was conceived on April 28, 1758, in Westmoreland County, Virginia, to Spence Monroe and Elizabeth Jones Monroe. Spence was a modestly prosperous grower and craftsman whose family emigrated from Scotland in the mid-1600s. Initially mentored by his mom at home, James went to Campbelltown Academy somewhere around 1769 and 1774, and was an incredible understudy.
As the eldest of a few kids, James Monroe was relied upon to acquire his dad’s domain, yet the occasions of 1774 turned his life in new bearings. His dad kicked the bucket that year, and youthful James soon enlisted at Virginia’s College of William and Mary with goals of contemplating law, yet dropped out months after the fact to battle in the American Revolution. His first demonstration of resistance was to join a few colleagues and strike the arms stockpile of the British imperial representative, getting away with weapons and supplies that they swung over to the Virginia state army. He soon joined the Continental Army, turning into an officer in 1776, and was a piece of General George Washington’s armed force at the Battle of Trenton, where he was seriously injured.
After the war, James Monroe concentrated on law under the tutorage of Thomas Jefferson, starting a deep rooted individual and expert relationship. In 1782, he was chosen to the Virginia House of Delegates, and from 1783 to 1786, he served in the Continental Congress, then meeting in New York. While there, he met and courted Elizabeth Kortright, the little girl of a prosperous New York trader. The couple wedded on February 16, 1786, and moved to Fredericksburg, Virginia. James Monroe demonstrated to not be as fruitful a rancher as his dad and, in time, sold his property to provide legal counsel and enter legislative issues.
After the 1787 Federal Convention, James Monroe at first joined the counter Federalists in restricting approval of the new constitution in light of the fact that it did not have a bill of rights. Be that as it may, he and a few key figures withheld their reservations and promised to push for changes after the new government was set up. Virginia barely confirmed the Constitution, preparing for another government.
In 1790, James Monroe kept running for a House situate however was crushed by James Madison. Monroe was immediately chosen by the Virginia governing body as a United States congressperson, and soon joined the Democratic-Republican group drove by Jefferson and Madison contradicting the Federalist strategies of Vice President John Adams and Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton. Inside of a year of his decision, Monroe rose to wind up his party’s pioneer in the Senate.
Taking after the custom set by President Washington of just serving two terms, Madison chose not to keep running for a third term making ready for James Monroe to be the Democratic-Republican competitor. With little restriction from the now-blurring Federalist Party, Monroe turned into the fifth president of the United States. He started his administration with a voyage through the northern states, amid which time a Boston daily paper portrayed Monroe’s gathering as a “Time of Good Feelings.”
The announcement was more than media buildup. The United States could guarantee a triumph in the War of 1812 in light of the positive peace bargain. The country’s economy was blasting and the main contradicting political gathering, the Federalists, was in a coma. Amid the first year of Monroe’s organization, he proceeded with his effort to different parts of the nation with effective visits in 1818 and 1819. He additionally settled on some savvy decisions to fill his bureau, naming a Southerner, John C. Calhoun, as secretary of war, and a Northerner, John Quincy Adams, as secretary of state.
After the Napoleonic Wars, which finished in 1815, a number of Spain’s states in Latin America proclaimed their independence. Americans respected this activity as acceptance of their soul of Republicanism. In the background, President Monroe and Secretary of State Adams educated these new nations that the United States would bolster their endeavors and open up exchange relations. A few European forces undermined to frame a cooperation to offer Spain some assistance with regaining its domains, however weight from Great Britain, who additionally saw merit in autonomous Latin American nations, ceased their endeavors.
On December 2, 1823, James Monroe formally reported to Congress what might get to be known as the “Monroe Doctrine.” The strategy expressed that the Americas ought to be free from future European colonization, and that any impedance with autonomous nations in the Americas would be viewed as an unfriendly demonstration toward the United States.