|President of the European Commission|
1 November 2014
|Vice President||Frans Timmermans|
|Preceded by||José Manuel Barroso|
|Former Prime Minister of Luxembourg|
20 January 1995 – 4 December 2013
|Preceded by||Jacques Santer|
|Succeeded by||Xavier Bettel|
|Minister for the Treasury|
23 July 2009 – 4 December 2013
|Preceded by||Luc Frieden|
|Minister for Finances|
14 July 1989 – 23 July 2009
|Prime Minister||Jacques Santer|
|Preceded by||Jacques Santer|
|Succeeded by||Luc Frieden|
|Minister for Work and Employment|
20 July 1984 – 7 August 1999
|Prime Minister||Jacques Santer|
|Preceded by||Jacques Santer|
|Succeeded by||François Biltgen|
|Born||9 December 1954 (age 60)
|Political party||Christian Social People’s Party|
|Alma mater||University of Strasbourg|
Jean-Claude Juncker , President of the European Commission was born on 9 December 1954 in Redange-sur-Attert in western Luxembourg, Jean-Claude Juncker spent his adolescence and youth in the south of the nation, in Belvaux, where his dad was utilized in one of the huge steel plants. Life around there, the fortification of Luxembourg’s communist and comrade developments, with a high populace of Italian and Portuguese migrants, strongly affected the youthful understudy who soon got comfortable with the substances of the working environment through his dad’s union exercises inside of the Luxembourg Confederation of Christian Trade Unions.
In the wake of finishing his optional instruction at the Clairefontaine life experience school in Belgium and getting his baccalauréat at the Lycée Michel Rodange in Luxembourg in 1974, Jean-Claude Juncker selected at the Faculty of Law of the Université de Strasbourg in 1975. For a long time, he concentrated on “without eagerness” despite the fact that this didn’t keep him from getting a Master’s in Law in 1979. He was confirmed as a counselor in February 1980 yet truth be told never honed this calling. It was additionally in this real city of Alsace that Jean-Claude Juncker met his future wife, Christiane Frising.
Jean-Claude Juncker had as of now been politically dynamic as an individual from the Christian Social Party (Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei/CSV) since 1974 and pulled in the consideration of the gathering pioneers, for the most part because of his gifts as a speaker and his scientific personality, when he turned into the party’s parliamentary secretary in October 1979. From that point he climbed quickly and when a Government post turned out to be free in December 1982, the Minister of Finance at the time, Jacques Santer, got the Prime Minister Pierre Werner to permit the youthful Jean-Claude Juncker to be delegated, a couple of days before his 28th birthday, as State Secretary for Labor and Social Security, two assignments in accordance with his most loved political areas.
In June 1984, Jean-Claude Juncker was chosen to the Luxembourg Parliament (Chamber of Deputies) surprisingly. He was designated Minister for Labor and Minister accountable for the Budget in Jacques Santer’s first Government.
In 1985, Luxembourg held the administration of the Council of the European Communities and Jean-Claude Juncker subsequently led the “Get-togethers” and “Spending plan” Councils. This period likewise denoted the begin of Jean-Claude Juncker’s solidly star European position, which originated from the profound conviction that European combination was the main key to ensuring enduring peace in Europe and consequently keeping the dramatizations and tragedies of the past with which he was very natural. Truth be told, his dad had been coercively selected in the German Wehrmacht amid the Second World War and dispatched to the Russian front.
Taking after the general decision held in June 1989, Jean-Claude Juncker entered another period of his political profession when he was named Minister of Finance and Minister of Labor. As the Finance portfolio was generally viewed as a required transitional experience for future Luxembourg Prime Ministers, the nation’s political spectators were all expressing that Jean-Claude Juncker could now be viewed as Jacques Santer’s successor.
It was indeed amid the 1989-1994 governing body that Jean-Claude Juncker was to conclusively substantiate himself as a remarkable lawmaker and statesman, both at national and European level. In 1991, in the seat of director of the “Ecofin” Council, Jean-Claude Juncker got to be one of the principle planners of the Maastricht Treaty, particularly the area identifying with financial and money related union, substantial sections of which were drafted by his own particular hand. It was likewise he who spared the EMU arrangements in May 1991 at a casual meeting in Luxembourg of the Ministers of Finance of the 12 Member Sates, by building up the “quit” standard for the UK. In February 1992, Jean-Claude Juncker was one of the signatories of the Maastricht Treaty.
However Jean-Claude Juncker’s vocation could have reach an emotional end right now in time. After a genuine street mischance in harvest time 1989, he was left in a basic condition and fell into a trance like state from which he didn’t develop until two weeks after the fact.
In the national enclosure, Jean-Claude Juncker began get ready in 1992 for the most broad duty change that the nation had ever known. The assessment changes came into power on 1 January 1993.
Between January 1990 and February 1995, Jean-Claude Juncker was additionally director of the Christian Social Party.
In June 1994, Jean-Claude Juncker was re-chosen to Parliament and held his obligations as Minister of Finance and Minister of Labor. On 20 January 1995, after the Prime Minister Jacques Santer had been assigned as President of the European Commission by the European Council and affirmed in this post by the European Parliament, Jean-Claude Juncker was selected Prime Minister by HRH Grand Duke Jean. Indeed, even as head of Government, he kept on satisfying the parts of Minister of Finance, Minister of Labor and Employment and Minister for the Treasury.
When he turned into the Government pioneer, Jean-Claude Juncker broke new ground by getting more included in speaking to Luxembourg abroad. He went on various authority visits and work trips far and wide, regularly taking an expansive monetary assignment with him. On account of his drive, political and financial connections with numerous nations were reinforced. Specific significance was credited to advancement participation with the objective nations of Luxembourg Cooperation. By 2001, Luxembourg was among the main five nations most included being developed participation, with 0.8% of its GDP.
In December 1996, the universal press features named Jean-Claude Juncker the “Saint of Dublin”, for his effective treatment of a dubious intervention between the German Federal Chancellor, Helmut Kohl, and the President of the French Republic, Jacques Chirac, concerning the security agreement going with financial and fiscal union.
Luxembourg’s Presidency of the Council of the European Union in the recent portion of 1997 gave Jean-Claude Juncker a chance to uncover his desire for a more social Europe. The Extraordinary European Council on Employment in November 1997 saw the presentation of the Luxembourg procedure requiring part nations to present a yearly activity arrangement for elevating job and to satisfy evaluated and undeniable criteria as far as making occupations and battling unemployment.
After a month, at the European Council in Luxembourg, the European Union opened its ways to Eastern extension. The same summit saw the making of the Euro 11, the casual gathering of Finance Ministers taking an interest in financial and money related union, since renamed the Eurogroup.
In June 1999, the Christian Social Party triumphed again in the general race and Jean-Claude Juncker got to be Prime Minister of a Government made out of agents of the Christian Social Party and the Democratic Party, putting a conclusion to a 15-year coalition between the Christian Social Party and the Luxembourg Socialist Workers’ Party. Jean-Claude Juncker kept the Finance and Communications portfolios.
On 6 July 2001, the Faculty of Philosophy at the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität in Munster, Germany, granted Jean-Claude Juncker the title of Doctor Honoris Causa. On 14 April 2003, he was likewise conceded the title of Doctor Honoris Causa by the University of Bucharest for his benefits in the development of Europe. Since January 2004, Jean-Claude Juncker has likewise held the title of Doctor Honoris Causa from the University of Thrace.
On 5 February 2002, Jean-Claude Juncker was admitted to the request of the fabulous officier de la Légion d’honneur by the President of the French Republic, Jacques Chirac, at the Élysée Palace in Paris. The Romanian head of State, Ion Ilescu, likewise displayed him, on 13 April 2003, with the most noteworthy Romanian respect, the identification of the Grand Cross of the Order of the Star, for his unfailing fiery backing for Romania joining NATO and the EU.
Finally, since May 2003, Jean-Claude Juncker has been a privileged resident of the town of Trier and since January 2004 a privileged national of Orestiada, a town arranged in north-eastern Greece, in the Thrace area.
On 31 July 2004, Jean-Claude Juncker was reappointed Prime Minister and Minister of Finance in the Government coming about because of the general decision hung on 13 June 2004, in which he got a record individual score. The Government he has been running subsequent to that date is made out of the Christian Social Party (Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei/CSV) and the Luxembourg Socialist Workers’ Party (Lëtzebuerger Sozialistesch Arbechertpartei/LSAP).
At the casual “Ecofin” meeting in Scheveningen on 10 September 2004, Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Jean-Claude Juncker was chosen President of the Eurogroup, the casual meeting of the Ministers of Finance of the Euro region. Mr Juncker along these lines turned into the initially chose and perpetual President of the Eurogroup. His order begins on 1 January 2005 and closes on 31 December 2006. It is renewable once.
Having been legislative leader of the World Bank from 1989 to 1995, Jean-Claude Juncker has acted, subsequent to 1995, as legislative leader of the International Monetary Fund and legislative leader of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).