john Quincy adams
 

John Quincy Adams

6th President of the United States

In office
March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829
Vice President John C. Calhoun
Preceded by James Monroe
Succeeded by Andrew Jackson
8th United States Secretary of State
In office
September 22, 1817 – March 4, 1825
President James Monroe
Preceded by James Monroe
Succeeded by Henry Clay
United States Minister to the
Court of St. James’s
In office
April 28, 1814 – September 22, 1817
Nominated by James Madison
Preceded by Jonathan Russell (Acting)
Succeeded by Richard Rush
United States Minister to Russia
In office
November 5, 1809 – April 28, 1814
Nominated by James Madison
Preceded by William Short
Succeeded by James Bayard
United States Minister to Prussia
In office
December 5, 1797 – May 5, 1801
Nominated by John Adams
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Henry Wheaton
United States Minister to the Netherlands
In office
November 6, 1794 – June 20, 1797
Nominated by George Washington
Preceded by William Short
Succeeded by William Vans Murray
United States Senator
from 
Massachusetts
In office
March 4, 1803 – June 8, 1808
Preceded by Jonathan Mason
Succeeded by James Lloyd
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from 
Massachusetts‘s 8th district
In office
March 4, 1843 – February 23, 1848
Preceded by William Calhoun
Succeeded by Horace Mann
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from 
Massachusetts‘s 12th district
In office
March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1843
Preceded by James Hodges
Succeeded by George Robinson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from 
Massachusetts‘s 11th district
In office
March 4, 1831 – March 3, 1833
Preceded by Joseph Richardson
Succeeded by John Reed
Personal details
Born July 11, 1767
Braintree, Province of Massachusetts Bay
(now Quincy, Massachusetts, U.S.)
Died February 23, 1848 (aged 80)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Resting place United First Parish Church
Quincy, Massachusetts
Political party Federalist (1792–1808)
Democratic-Republican (1808–1830)
National Republican (1830–1834)
Anti-Masonic (1834–1838)
Whig (1838–1848)
Spouse(s) Louisa Johnson (m. 1797; his death 1848)
Children 4, including George Washington, John II, Charles Francis
Alma mater Harvard University
Religion Unitarianism
Signature  Cursive signature in ink

 

 

Conceived in Massachusetts on July 11, 1767, John Quincy Adams was the eldest child of President John  Adams and the 6th president of the United States. In his pre-presidential years, Adams was one of America’s most noteworthy representatives (detailing, in addition to other things, what turned into the Monroe Doctrine); in his post-presidential years, he directed a reliable and regularly emotional battle against the development of slavery. In spite of the fact that loaded with guarantee, his presidential years were troublesome. He kicked the bucket in 1848 in Washington, D.C.

In spite of the fact that he was one of few Americans to be so arranged to serve as president of the United States, John Quincy Adams’ greatest years of administration preceded and after his time in the White House. born on July 11, 1767, in Braintree, Massachusetts, John Quincy Adams was the child of John Adams, a wonder of the American Revolution who might turn into the second U.S. president just before his John Quincy’s 30th birthday, and his wife, future first woman Abigail Adams.

As a youngster, John Quincy Adams saw firsthand the conception of the country. From the family ranch, he and his mom watched the Battle of Bunker Hill in 1775. At age 10, he ventured out to France with his dad, who was securing help amid the Revolution. By age 14, John Quincy was getting “at work” preparing in the political corps and going to class. In 1781, he went with negotiator Francis Dana to Russia, serving as his secretary and interpreter. In 1783, he headed out to Paris to serve as secretary to his dad, arranging the Treaty of Paris. Amid this time, John Quincy Adams went to schools in Europe and got to be familiar with French, Dutch and German. Returning home in 1785, he entered Harvard College and graduated in 1787.

In 1790, John Quincy turned into a rehearsing lawyer in Boston. As strains mounted in the middle of Britain and France, he upheld President George Washington’s lack of bias strategy of 1793. President Washington acknowledged youthful Adams’ bolster so much that he named him U.S. priest to Holland. At the point when John Adams was chosen president in 1797, he designated his child U.S. clergyman to Prussia. While in transit to his post, John Quincy Adams flew out to England to marry Louisa Catherine Johnson, the little girl of Joshua Johnson, the first U.S. representative to Great Britain.

After John Adams lost his offer for a brief moment term in 1800, he reviewed his child from Prussia. In 1802, John Quincy was chosen to the Massachusetts governing body, and after one year, he was chosen the U.S. Senate. Like his dad, John Quincy was viewed as an individual from the Federalist Party, however in truth, he was never a strict gathering man. Amid his time in the Senate, he bolstered the Louisiana Purchase and President Thomas Jefferson’s Embargo Act—activities that made him extremely disagreeable with different Federalists. In June 1808, Adams broke with the Federalists, surrendered from his Senate situate and turned into a Democratic-Republican.

John Quincy Adams came back to the strategic corps in 1809, when President James Madison delegated him the first authoritatively perceived pastor to Russia (Francis Dana was never formally acknowledged as a U.S. represetative by the Russian government). In 1814, Adams was reviewed from Russia to serve as boss arbitrator for the U.S. government amid the Treaty of Ghent, settling the War of 1812. The next year, Adams served as pastor to England, a position his dad had held 30 years before.

In a post he was most suited for, John Quincy Adams served as secretary of state in President James Monroe’s organization from 1817 to 1825. Amid this time, he arranged the Adams-Onis Treaty, securing Florida for the United States. He additionally arranged the Treaty of 1818, settling the long-standing fringe question in the middle of Britain and the United States over the Oregon nation, and starting enhanced relations between Great Britain and its previous settlements.

By age 50, John Quincy Adams had amassed an extremely great record of open administration, however maybe his most outstanding and continuing accomplishment was the Monroe Doctrine. After the Napoleonic wars had finished, a few Latin American settlements of Spain rose up and announced independence. A pivotal occasion for the United States, Adams made the Monroe Doctrine, which expressed the United States would oppose any European nation’s endeavors to impede independence developments in Latin America; the convention, initially presented in 1823, served to legitimize U.S. intercession in Latin America all through the late nineteenth and the greater part of the twentieth hundreds of years.

John Quincy Adams entered the administration with a few crippling political liabilities, including John Quincy Adams himself. He had the disposition of his dad: Aloof, tenacious and fiercely autonomous in his feelings. As president, John Quincy neglected to build up the political connections required—even among individuals from his own particular gathering—to impact huge change. It didn’t help that his political rivals were determined to making him an one-term president.

In his first year in office, Adams proposed a few far-located projects that he felt would advance science, and support a soul of big business and development in the United States; these objectives included building a system of expressways and waterways to connect the diverse segments of the nation, putting aside open terrains for preservation, looking over the whole U.S. drift and building galactic observatories. Adams likewise saw the requirement for reasonable answers for all inclusive issues, accordingly requiring the foundation of a uniform arrangement of weights and measures and enhancing the patent framework.

While these may have been commendable objectives for a trying country, they were viewed as overambitious and implausible for America in the 1820s. Adams’ recommendations were met with disdain and scorn by political rivals; commentators charged that the president’s approaches would develop the forces and impact of the government to the detriment of the state and nearby governments, and some blamed Adams for elevating projects to improve the first class and disregard the regular individuals. In the midterm race of 1826, Jacksonian rivals won dominant parts in both Houses of Congress. Subsequently, a hefty portion of Adams’ drives either neglected to pass enactment or were woefully underfunded.

The race of 1828 was a particularly severe and individual undertaking. Just like the convention, neither hopeful by and by crusaded, yet supporters directed merciless assaults on the contradicting applicants. The crusade came to a low moment that the press blamed Jackson’s wife, Rachel, of plural marriage. Adams lost the race by a conclusive edge, and he exited Washington without going to Jackson’s initiation.

John Quincy Adams did not resign from open life in the wake of leaving the presidential office. In 1830, he kept running for and won a seat in the U.S. Place of Representatives, at the end of the day separating himself as a statesman of the first request. In 1836, Adams centered his long-standing abolitionist slavery slant on vanquishing a stifler principle initiated by Southerners to smother wrangle about. In 1841, he contended before the Supreme Court for the benefit of got away African slaves in the popular Amistad case, and won the arrival of the prisoners.

 

On February 21, 1848, in his last commitment to his nation, John Quincy Adams was on the floor of the House of Representatives, contending to respect U.S. Armed force officers who had served in the Mexican-American War (he restricted the war, however felt that the U.S. government was committed to respect its veterans). Amid the occasion, Adams all of a sudden caved in, misery from an enormous cerebral drain. He was taken to the Speaker’s Room in the Capitol Building, where he passed on two days after the fact, on February 23,

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