|Mohammad Ashraf Ghani (Dr Ghani)
محمد اشرف غنی
|President of Afghanistan|
29 September 2014
|Vice President||Abdul Rashid Dostum|
|Preceded by||Hamid Karzai|
|Chancellor of the Kabul University|
22 December 2004 – 21 December 2008
|Preceded by||Habibullah Habib|
|Succeeded by||Hamidullah Amin|
|Minister of Finance|
2 June 2002 – 14 December 2004
|Preceded by||Hedayat Amin Arsala|
|Succeeded by||Anwar ul-Haq Ahady|
|Born||Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai
1949 (aged 65/66)
|Alma mater||American University of Beirut
Mohammad Ashraf Ghani experienced childhood in Afghanistan before pursuing his instruction abroad. Like such a large number of Afghans, remote invasion and common war prompted the oppression of his family and constrained him to remain in a state of banishment. Whilst abroad, he turned into a leading researcher of Political Science and Anthropology and after that worked at the World Bank where he took in the devices of international improvement. Following the fall of the Taliban in 2001, he came back to Afghanistan to commit his interesting aptitudes and learning to rebuilding the nation. He exhorted interim President Karzai and served as the Finance Minister in the Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan until December 2004. During his residency as Finance Minister, he composed a bundle of changes and initiated a few open investment programs that prompted noteworthy upgrades in the vocations of ordinary Afghans the nation over. He declined to join the recently chose Government in December 2004. On the other hand, he remained an influential voice in the political circles both in Afghanistan and abroad. He served as the chairman of the Transition Coordination Commission (TCC) in 2010 which was in charge of transferring power from remote to national troops. He resigned from TCC to keep running for president in October 2013. He was proclaimed winner on September 22, 2014.
Dr. Ghani was naturally born to an influential family in Afghanistan in 1949, and spent his initial life in the province of Logar. He finished his essential and optional instruction in Habibia High School in Kabul. Growing up in Kabul under a government, where his dad worked in different senior limits, he has been submerged in legislative issues from his initial days.
Training and Early Career
As a young fellow, Dr. Ghani set out to Lebanon to go to the American University in Beirut, where he met his future wife, Rula, and earned his first degree in 1973. He came back to Afghanistan in 1974 to show Afghan studies and Anthropology at Kabul University before winning a government grant to think about for a Master’s degree in Anthropology at New York’s Columbia University. He cleared out Afghanistan in 1977, intending to be away for a long time. At the point when star Soviet strengths came to control, the vast majority of the male individuals from his family were detained and he was stranded in the US. He stayed at Columbia University and earned his Ph.D. there, with a doctoral proposition entitled ‘Creation and domination: Afghanistan, 1747-1901’, and was quickly invited to instruct at University of California, Berkeley (1983) and after that at Johns Hopkins University (1983-1991). During this period, he turned into a successive pundit on the BBC Dari and Pashto administrations, show in Afghanistan.
In 1991, Dr. Ghani joined the World Bank as lead anthropologist, advising on the human measurement to financial projects. He served for a long time, initially working on undertakings in East Asia, however moving in the mid-nineties towards articulating the Bank’s social arrangement and reviewing nation methodologies, conditionalities, and designing change programs. In 1996, he spearheaded the use of institutional and authoritative examination to full scale procedures of progress and change, working specifically on the conformity project of the Russian coal industry and carrying out surveys of the Bank’s nation help methodologies and basic alteration programs comprehensively. He put in five years in China, India, and Russia managing expansive scale advancement and institutional change ventures. Whilst at the World Bank, Dr. Ghani went to the Harvard-INSEAD and Stanford business school initiative training project.
Work After 2001
Following the ousting of the Taliban in late 2001, Dr. Ghani was requested that serve as Special Adviser to Ambassador Lakhdar Brahimi, the UN Secretary General’s extraordinary agent to Afghanistan. In that limit, Dr. Ghani came back to Afghanistan and dealt with the configuration, transaction and usage of the Bonn Agreement, which set out the guide for move to another government in view of well known assent. During the Interim Administration, Dr. Ghani served, on a star bono premise, as Chief Adviser to Interim President Karzai and was among the first authorities to uncover his own particular resources. In this limit, he chipped away at the planning of the Loya Jirgas (stupendous congregations) that chose president Karzai and affirmed the constitution.
Act as Finance Minister
As Afghanistan’s Finance Minister for the length of time of the Transitional Administration, Dr. Ghani is broadly credited with the configuration and execution of the absolute most broad and challenging changes of the period. He issued another money in record time; automated the operations of treasury; institutionalized the single treasury record; received an approach of no-shortage financing; introduced the monetary allowance as the focal instrument of arrangement; brought together income; improved the tax framework and upgraded traditions; and instituted normal reporting to the cabinet, the general population of Afghanistan, and international partners as a device of straightforwardness and responsibility.
Dr. Ghani has combined individual integrity with to a great degree extreme measures against debasement. When he got to be Finance Minister, he let go degenerate authorities from the Finance Ministry, ignoring the individuals who debilitated to take revenge. He declined to pay the army until they delivered a genuine program of troopers, rightly suspecting that the figures were misrepresented to claim additional cash.
Dr. Ghani tackled his insight into the international framework to soften new ground up coordinating benefactor help. He obliged givers to keep their interventions to three areas, subsequently bringing clarity and shared responsibility to their relations with government partners, and preparing an improvement methodology that put the Afghans in the driver’s seat regarding responsibility for their future.
In acknowledgment of his administrations, he was recompensed the Sayed Jamal-ud-Din Afghan decoration, the most noteworthy regular citizen honor in the nation. He was perceived as the Best Finance Minister of Asia in 2003 by Emerging Markets for his endeavors.
On March 31-1 April 2004, he displayed a seven-year system of open investment, ‘Securing Afghanistan’s Future’, to an international gathering in Berlin went to by 65 finance and remote ministers. Depicted as the most extensive program ever arranged and introduced by a poor nation to the international group, ‘Securing Afghanistan’s Future’ was readied by a group of one-hundred specialists working under the supervision of a committee led by Dr. Ghani. The idea of a twofold smaller, between the contributors and the government of Afghanistan from one viewpoint and between the government and individuals of Afghanistan on the other, underpinned the project of investment in ‘Securing Afghanistan’s Future’. The benefactors vowed $8.2 billion at the gathering for the initial three years of the system –-the definite sum asked by the government — and concurred that the government’s solicitation for an aggregate seven-year bundle of help of $27.5 billion was defended.
All through his vocation, Dr. Ghani has concentrated perseveringly on neediness annihilation through the formation of riches and the foundation of the privileges of citizenship. In Afghanistan, he is credited with designing the National Solidarity Program, a system of piece awards to towns in which chose town chambers determine both the needs and the instruments of usage. The project has been taken off the nation over and has turned out to be successful to the point that different nations around the globe are seeking to imitate it. Dr. Ghani likewise banded together with the Ministry of Communication to guarantee that telecom licenses were allowed on a completely straightforward premise. Accordingly, the quantity of cellular telephones in the nation bounced from 100 in July 2002 to over a million toward the end of 2005. Private investment in the segment surpassed $200 million and the telecom part rose as one of the real divisions of income era for the government.
After the decision of President Karzai in October 2004, Mr Ghani declined to join the cabinet and instead solicited to be appointed as Chancellor from Kabul University. As Chancellor, he was occupied with articulating the idea of shared administration among the personnel, understudies, and staff and advocating a dream of the University where men and ladies with aptitudes and duty to lead their nation in the time of globalization can be trained.
Dr. Ghani along these lines established the Institute for State Effectiveness, to help governments and their international accomplices to construct more successful, responsible frameworks of government. As Chairman of the Institute, Dr. Ghani co-composed a book, ‘Fixing Failed States’, to international praise.
As an applicant during the 2009 presidential decisions, he set fourth. In 2010, he served as chairman of the Transition Coordination Commission. TCC was in charge of exchange of force from ISAF/NATO troops to Afghan Security Forces. During his time at TCC, he went to the greater part of the 34 provinces a few times.
On October first 2013, he resigned as the chairman of TCC to keep running for presidential races in 2014. He was proclaimed winner of the June fourteenth overflow on September 22, 2014 with 55.27% of aggregate votes. He was confirmed as president on September 29th, 2