Muhammadu Buhari

Muhammadu Buhari

Muhammadu Buhari
President of Nigeria
Assumed office
29 May 2015
Vice President Yemi Osinbajo
Preceded by Goodluck Jonathan
Federal Minister of Petroleum Resources
Assumed office
11 November 2015
Preceded by Diezani Allison-Madueke
Head of State of Nigeria
In office
31 December 1983 – 27 August 1985
Vice President Tunde Idiagbon as Chief of Staff, Supreme Headquarters
Preceded by Shehu Shagari
Succeeded by Ibrahim Babangida
Governor of the Northeastern State
In office
August 1975 – March 1976
Preceded by Musa Usman
Succeeded by Position abolished
Federal Commissioner of Petroleum and Natural Resources
In office
March 1976 – June 1978
Personal details
Born 17 December 1942 (age 72)
Daura, Northern Region, Colonial Nigeria
(now: Daura, Katsina State)
Nationality Nigerian
Political party All Progressives Congress
  • Safinatu Yusuf (m. 1971–88)
  • Aisha Halilu (m. 1989)
Alma mater Nigerian Military Training College
Mons Officer Cadet School
U.S. Army War College
Religion Islam
Military service
Nickname(s) GMB, Baba Go Slow
Allegiance  Nigeria
Service/branch Nigerian Army
Years of service 1961–1985
Rank Major General

Muhammadu Buhari GCFR is the President of Nigeria, (born 17 December 1942) in Daura, Katsina State, to his dad Adamu and mother Zulaihat. He is the twenty-third offspring of his dad. Muhammadu Buhari was raised by his mom, after his dad kicked the bucket when he was around four years of age. He is a resigned Nigerian Army significant general and was Head of State of Nigeria from 31 December 1983 to 27 August 1985, in the wake of taking force in a military rebellion. The term Buharism is credited to the Muhammadu Buhari military government.

He went to elementary school in Daura and Mai’adua before proceeding to Katsina Model School in 1953, and to Katsina Provincial Secondary School (now Government College Katsina) from 1956 to 1961.

Muhammadu Buhari joined the Nigerian Army by enrolling in the Nigerian Military Training College (NMTC) in 1961. In February 1964, the school was moved up to an officer commissioning unit of the Nigerian Army and renamed the Nigerian Defense Academy (NDA) (before 1964, the Nigerian government sent cadets who had finished their NMTC preliminary training to generally Commonwealth military institutes [12][13][14] for officer cadet training). From 1962 to 1963, Muhammadu Buhari experienced officer cadet training at Mons Officer Cadet School in Aldershot in England.

In January 1963, Muhammadu Buhari was dispatched a second lieutenant, and appointed Platoon Commander of the Second Infantry Battalion in Abeokuta, Nigeria. From November 1963 to January 1964, Muhammadu Buhari went to the Platoon Commanders’ Course at the Nigerian Military Training College, Kaduna. In 1964, he encouraged his military training by attending the Mechanical Transport Officer’s Course at the Army Mechanical Transport School in Borden, United Kingdom.

From 1965 to 1967, Muhammadu Buhari served as Commander of the Second Infantry Battalion and appointed Brigade Major, Second Sector, First Infantry Division, April 1967 to July 1967.

Muhammadu Buhari was made Brigade Major of the Third Infantry Brigade, July 1967 to October 1968 and Brigade Major/Commandant, Thirty-first Infantry Brigade, 1970 to 1971.

Muhammadu Buhari served as the Assistant Adjutant-General, First Infantry Division Headquarters, from 1971 to 1972. He additionally went to the Defense Services Staff College, Wellington, India, in 1973.

From 1974 to 1975 Muhammadu Buhari was Acting Director of Transport and Supply at the Nigerian Army Corps of Supply and Transport Headquarters.

He was additionally Military Secretary at the Army Headquarters from 1978 to 1979 and was an individual from the Supreme Military Council from 1978 to 1979.

From 1979 to 1980, at the rank of colonel, Muhammadu Buhari (class of 1980) went to the US Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in the United States, and gained a Masters Degree in Strategic Studies. Endless supply of the on-grounds full-time inhabitant project lasting ten months and the two-year-long, separation learning program, the United States Army War College (USAWC) school recompenses its graduate officers a graduate degree in Strategic Studies.

Different parts include:

  • General Officer Commanding, fourth Infantry Division, August 1980 – January 1981
  • General Officer Commanding, second Mechanized Infantry Division, January 1981 – October 1981
  • General Officer Commanding, third Armed Division Nigerian Army, October 1981 – December 1983

In July 1966 Lieutenant Muhammadu Buhari was one of the members in an overthrow, drove by Lt-Col Murtala Muhammed, that toppled and assassinated Nigeria’s first self-appointed military Head of State General Aguiyi Ironsi, who had accepted initiative of the Nigerian government after a fizzled upset endeavor on 15 January 1966, which ousted the chose parliamentary government of Nigeria (otherwise called first republic). Ironsi’s supposition of Nigeria’s authority was in fact another upset following the January 15, 1966 overthrow.

At that point Lieutenant Colonel Muhammadu Buhari was among a gathering of officers (drove by Colonels Ibrahim Taiwo, Joseph Garba, Abdulahi Mohammed, Anthony Ochefu, Lieutenant Colonels Shehu Musa Yar’Adua, Ibrahim Babangida and Alfred Aduloju) who toppled the Head of State, General Yakubu Gowon on July 30, 1975. Col. Muhammadu Buhari was appointed military legislative head of the North Eastern State after the effective execution of the overthrow.

In August 1975, after General Murtala Mohammed took power that year, he appointed Muhammadu Buhari as Governor of the North-Eastern State, to direct social, financial and political upgrades in the state.

In February 1976, the North Eastern state was isolated by the Military Government into Bauchi, Borno and Gongola states. In August 1991, Yobe state was made from Borno state, while Gongola state was split into two states, Taraba and Adamawa. In October 1996, Gombe State was made from Bauchi State.

In March 1976, the Head of State, General Olusegun Obasanjo, appointed Muhammadu Buhari as the Federal Commissioner (position now called Minister) for Petroleum and Natural Resources. At the point when the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation was made in 1977, Muhammadu Buhari was likewise appointed as its Chairman, a position he held until 1978. During his residency as Commissioner, 2.8 billion Naira professedly disappeared from the records of the NNPC in Midlands Bank in the United Kingdom. Previous President Ibrahim Babangida supposedly blamed Muhammadu Buhari for being in charge of this extortion.

Be that as it may, according to the Modalities for Coordinating Nigeria’s Anti-Corruption Strategies, Constructive Engagement Vol. 1 No. 1 (2009), in 1983, Shagari administration inaugurated the Crude Oil Sales Tribunal of Inquiry, headed by Justice Ayo Irikefe, to investigate charges of N2.8 billion misappropriation from the NNPC account. The tribunal however discovered no truth in the affirmations despite the fact that it saw a few breaches in the NNPC accounts.

In 1983, when Chadian powers invaded Nigeria in the Borno State, Muhammadu Buhari utilized the powers under his summon to pursue them out of the nation, crossing into Chadian domain notwithstanding a request given by President Shagari to pull back. This 1983 Chadian military undertaking prompted more than 100 casualties and “detainees of war”

Significant General Muhammadu Buhari was one of the pioneers of the military overthrow of December 1983 that ousted the justly chose government of President Shehu Shagari. At the season of the upset plot, Muhammadu Buhari was the General Officer Commanding (GOC), Third Armored Division of Jos. With the fruitful execution of the upset by General Buhari, Tunde Idiagbon was appointed Chief of General Staff (the true No. 2 in the administration). The overthrow finished Nigeria’s fleeting Second Republic, a time of multi-gathering popular government began in 1979. According to The New York Times, the officers who took force contended that “an imperfect majority rules system was more awful than no popular government by any means”. Muhammadu Buhari advocated the military’s seizure of force by castigating the regular citizen government as pitifully degenerate and immediately suspended Nigeria’s 1979 Constitution.

As Head of State from 1983-1085, so as to change the economy, Muhammadu Buhari began to remake the country’s social-political and monetary frameworks, along the substances of Nigeria’s stark financial conditions. The rebuilding included removing or cutting back the abundances in national use, obliterating or removing totally, defilement from the country’s social morals, shifting from mainly open segment livelihood to independent work. Muhammadu Buhari additionally energized import substitution industrialisation construct, as it were, with respect to the utilization of nearby materials and he fixed importation.

In August 1985, Major General Muhammadu Buhari was himself toppled in an overthrow drove by General Ibrahim Babangida and different individuals from the ruling Supreme Military Council (SMC).[57] Babangida brought huge numbers of Buhari’s most vocal commentators into his administration, including Fela Kuti’s sibling Olikoye Ransome-Kuti, a specialist who had driven a strike against Muhammadu Buhari to dissent declining social insurance administrations. Muhammadu Buhari was then detained in Benin City until 1988.

In 2003, Muhammadu Buhari kept running for office in the presidential decision as the competitor of the All Nigeria People’s Party (ANPP). He was vanquished by the People’s Democratic Party nominee, President Olusẹgun Ọbasanjọ, by a margin of more than eleven million votes.

2007 Presidential Elections

On 18 December 2006, Gen. Muhammadu Buhari was nominated as the agreement hopeful of the All Nigeria People’s Party. His main challenger in the April 2007 surveys was the ruling PDP applicant, Umaru Yar’Adua, who hailed from the same home condition of Katsina. In the decision, Muhammadu Buhari authoritatively took 18% of the vote against 70% for Yar’Adua, yet Muhammadu Buhari rejected these outcomes. After Yar’Adua took office, the ANPP consented to join his government, however Muhammadu Buhari upbraided this assention.

2011 Presidential Elections

In March 2010, Muhammadu Buhari left the ANPP for the Congress for Progressive Change (CPC), a gathering that he had found. He said that he had bolstered establishment of the CPC “as an answer for the debilitating, moral and ideological clashes in my previous gathering the ANPP”

In the keep running up to the 2015 Presidential races, the crusade group of incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan requested the exclusion of General Muhammadu Buhari from the race, claiming that he is in rupture of the Constitution. According to the key archive, so as to fit the bill for race to the workplace of the President, an individual must be “instructed up to at any rate School declaration level or its comparable”. Muhammadu Buhari has neglected to present any such confirmation, claiming that he lost the original duplicates of his certificates when his home was attacked following his overthrow from power in 1985

Muhammadu Buhari kept running in the 2015 Presidential decision as an applicant of the All Progressives Congress party. His stage was manufactured around his picture as a staunch against debasement warrior and his incorruptible and legit notoriety. Notwithstanding, Muhammadu Buhari expressed in an interview that he would not test past degenerate pioneers and that he would give authorities who stole in the past pardon, insofar as they apologize.

In January 2015, the insurgent gathering “The Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta” (MEND) embraced Muhammadu Buhari in the Presidential race, saying he is the best contender to lead the nation.

Muhammadu Buhari’s crusade was quickly exhorted by previous Obama battle supervisor, David Axelrod, and his AKPD consultancy.

In February 2015, previous Nigerian President Olusegun Obasanjo quit the ruling PDP party and advocated the Buhari/Osinbajo ticket.

On March 31, incumbent President Goodluck Jonathan called Muhammadu Buhari to offer his concession and congrats for his race as president. Muhammadu Buhari was confirmed on 29 May 2015 in a service went to by no less than 23 Heads of State and Government.

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