|1st President of Kazakhstan|
16 December 1991
|Prime Minister||Sergey Tereshchenko
|Preceded by||position established|
|2nd Chairman of Nur Otan|
4 July 2007
|Preceded by||Bakhytzhan Zhumagulov|
|Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic|
22 February 1990 – 24 April 1990
|Prime Minister||Uzakbay Karamanov|
|Preceded by||Kilibay Medeubekov|
|Succeeded by||Erik Asanbayev|
|First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakh SSR|
22 June 1989 – 14 December 1991
|Preceded by||Gennady Kolbin|
|Succeeded by||position abolished|
|Prime Minister of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic|
22 March 1984 – 27 July 1989
|Chairman of the Supreme Soviet||Bayken Ashimov
|Preceded by||Bayken Ashimov|
|Succeeded by||Uzakbay Karamanov|
|Full member of the 28th Politburo|
14 July 1990 – 29 August 1991
|Born||Nursultan Äbishuly Nazarbayev
6 July 1940 (age 75)
Chemolgan, Kazakh SSR Soviet Union
|Political party||Communist Party (1962–1991)
Nur Otan (1999–present)
|Spouse(s)||Sara Alpysqyzy (1962–present)|
July 6, 1940 at Ushkonyr zhailau (the mid year place to stay) of the Trans-Ili Alatau in the group of Abish and Alzhan Nazarbayev was born a hotly anticipated kid and his loving parents named him Nursultan Nazarbayev.
There occurred for an incredible story with a decision of infant’s name. Relatives accumulated at the festival in energetic contention offered an assortment of names. At last recently conceived tyke’s grandma Myrzabala recommended: “Let my cherished grandson have two names in the meantime – Nur and Sultan, let him be Nursultan”.
Like most grandmas on the planet, Myrzabala assumed a noteworthy part in embellishment of an identity of grandson. Nursultan’s mom Alzhan thought back how Myrzabala gave advices and direction to kids, girl in law, told about the primordial national conventions and superstitions, effectively took an interest in childhood of grandson Nursultan.
Myrzabala’s child, the father of Nursultan Nazarbayev – Abish – conceived in 1903 at the foot of the Alatau mountains in the group of Nazarbay bi (judge).
Abish Nazarbayev was chipper and respectable man. He is familiar in Kazakh, as well as Russian and Balkar dialects. Abish cheerfully singing Kazakh and Russian tunes, could listen to the questioner, to give a word of wisdom. Abish Nazarbayev passed on in 1971.
Nursultan Nazarbayev’s mom – Alzhan – was conceived in 1910 in the group of mullah from Kasyk town in Kurday locale of Dzhambul oblast.
Alzhan came to Ushkonyr with her dad in a state of banishment, where he met Abish. Nobody in the town sings and ad libs superior to anything she. Happy Alzhan encouraged in the child admiration and concession to grown-ups, developed in an affection to national conventions, melodies and traditions. Alzhan Nazarbayeva passed on in 1977.
Youth of Sultan, as he was brought in the family fell on hard and troublesome war and after war years.
The triumph in the war was accomplished because of mind boggling endeavors of the enormous state, at expense of a large number of human lives. Half-injured nation has recently moved out of the remains and modified. A couple of years after the Victory the USSR was included in another exhausting race, now in the “icy war”, and its hardships recently framed overwhelming weight on the shoulders of standard individuals.
Times were hard, half-starved. However, in the memory of a youthful Nursultan protected not just the hardships and trials of that time, yet warm and adoring arms of mother, and father’s minding consideration. Affectionate family, siblings and sisters, earnest tunes of folks. The excellence of the splendid tops of Alatau and energizing young men’s amusement. That was the youth of the majority of his companions.
Nursultan saw that his dad never sits unmoving, and in this way attempted to help him in everything. At home, in the greenery enclosure and apple plantation, where he offered his dad some assistance with growing potatoes and apples. Nursultan watching over the steers, alongside his dad cut the feed in the mountains.
One day his dad Abish brought home Balkar group of unique extradited settlers. Nursultan Nazarbayev’s family protected them and discovered the work. What’s more, Abish Nazarbayev amid this time got to be companions with Balkars and immediately taken in their dialect.
Everyone did along these lines in a multinational Chemolgan. Nobody was partitioned by. Nursultan Nazarbayev, later wrote in one of his books, that among the young men, nobody recollects who you are – Kazakh, Ukrainian, Chechen or German: “However how to separation them, if the place of the Kazakh family neighbored with home of Meskhetian Turks, and in the accompanying houses lived Bogdan, Richard and Oleg …”. Boyish packs were isolated just as per lanes where they lived. Here and there they battled road to road. Be that as it may, companionship and common have been a lifestyle.
In spite of the considerable number of troubles, young men and young ladies drawn into the enchanted universe of learning, upbeat and splendid future, brimming with sense and reason.
Nursultan concentrated industriously and with awesome enthusiasm, being one of the first educates in class as well as at the school. He seriously read every one of the books, which just figured out how to get it, which brought him relatives, knowing the unquenchable interest of a youthful Nursultan.
Likewise there were sentimental evenings with the open air fire under the starry fathomless sky in his childhood, when he offered his dad amid summer some assistance with vacationing at the foothills of the Trans-Ili Alatau. There were deepest stories of folks and their welcoming tunes, which uncovered solid memory roots about precursors who used to live on this area since the days of yore. It is a disgrace for all Kazakhs who don’t thinks about past seven eras. There was a feeling of endlessness and profound importance of overwhelming, yet the symphonious existence of the general population, passed on from era to era, connecting the Kazakhs to their past and future.
He particularly wanted to hear stories of more seasoned about old legends and genealogical convictions. Later, in one of his books, Nursultan Nazarbayev composes: “In late time pattern to be pleased by “common” cause all of a sudden supplanted by another inclination: to search for and at any expense to discover for the precursors of a “nobility”. There was nobody in our family ever. I am a child, grandson and extraordinary grandson of the shepherds, who is not from the honorability. The majority of my predecessors lived here in the foothills of Alatau”.
Albeit later it worked out that in his family additionally was celebrated individuals, however Nursultan Nazarbayev, has constantly considered and still sees himself as a man of the general population, tissue of the substance of individuals. This feeling of feeling himself as a consanguineous piece of the general population had never lost, and just being more grounded throughout the years.
He felt in the meantime genetic Kazakh, beneficiary to the way of life and traditions of precursors, man of the new development, an element new period of experimental and mechanical advancement that opens remarkable open doors for everyone. Customary society and new modern standpoint naturally existed together in his spirit.
Kaskelen school head instructor Seythan Issayev, where Nursultan completed secondary school, noted without a moment’s delay interest and logical personality of juvenile: “He was exceptionally thankful to the understudies. He listened mindfully, making inquiries, not just on the project, got each word the educator. Never separated with the book, read something constantly”.
Youth and puberty of a youthful Nursultan were short. As of now to eighteen years and the end of secondary school, Nursultan extraordinarily emerged among his companions by great learning and open personality. Changeless work and normal game activities made him physically solid, he looked much more established than his associates. In any case, the primary concern that recognized him – it is autonomy of judgment and activities, and additionally continuous responsibility to administration. He knew how to construct associations with his companions from the first moment of correspondence, he was an “instigator” and great coordinator. He got a kick out of the chance to joke, sing very much, had individuals to him and rapidly turned into the spirit of the organization.
In the meantime uncovered one of his natural qualities – sober mindedness. Finding out about Komsomol set for huge development site of steel plant in Temirtau, Nursultan chose to wind up a metallurgist.
Nursultan needed faster and himself to be solidly relentless on his feet and to help folks and family monetarily. Since he was the eldest child in the crew.
Youthful Nursultan Nazarbayev instinctively felt that there, on a vast development site, beginning another extraordinary life, opening up expansive individual point of view. He was resolved to construct his own life, his future fate.
Upon entry in Temirtau he, as the future metallurgist, was sent significantly advance – to contemplate in Ukraine, in a professional school of the Dnieper Metallurgical Plant in Dneprodzerzhinsk.
Nursultan was in a gathering of impact heater, where were chosen the most physically created young men. On the other hand, the quality of his muscles and nature youthful Nursultan Nazarbayev contended likewise in games, on the wrestling locales.
In one of his battles he put on the cutting edges his schoolmate, a stocky Ukrainian gentleman Nikolay Litoshko.
Pondering of “Mykola” rapidly developed into an appreciation and further into a solid fellowship between the Kazakh Nazarbayev and Ukrainian Litoshko. Nursultan turned into a continuous and welcome visitor in the group of Litoshko.
One and a half years of study in Dneprodzerzhinsk passed rapidly.
In 1959, Nursultan Nazarbayev won the competition of All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions (AUCCTU). In this way, before the end of the school, he learned troublesome study of metallurgist, as well as turned into an expert of games of Ukraine in the wrestling.
Determination and steadiness empowered him to ace all the scholastic subjects in his picked strength with “fabulous” imprints. Likewise youthful Nursultan Nazarbayev passed last qualifying exams with “incredible” stamps and got an authentication of “the eighth level second furnacemen of the impact heater”.
Start of the profession
Upon entry in Temirtau began “fire stage” in a working existence of Nursultan Nazarbayev. July 3, 1960 propelled the first and final in all of theCentral Asia and Kazakhstan an impact heater. That date was the birthday of Kazakhstan Magnitka – the Karaganda Metallurgical Plant. The youthful metallurgist Nursultan Nazarbayev together with experienced skilled workers joined in first Kazakhstan iron purifying.
He beat a few related occupations on “Karmet”: functioned as administrator of throwing machine, furnacemen on impact heater, dispatcher and gasman of impact heater division. The work was overwhelming, due to the repulsive warmth and pressure a few specialists blacked out and had draining nose. Numerous couldn’t stand and left. However, that was not Nursultan Nazarbayev, he pledged to himself that will persevere and survived, was utilized and included into the work. His colleagues Tulegen Yusupov, Bulat Karimov and others alongside him defeated every one of the troubles and have turned out to be profoundly gifted metallurgists.
Half of his huge pay of furnacemen a quarter century Nursultan sent to his dad, who look after more youthful youngsters.
As a decent Kazakh specialist and an individual from Komsomol Nazarbayev is frequently sent to the congresses of the Komsomol and youth celebrations. He got to be known, even photo of the best specialist Nursultan Nazarbayev showed up in the national press. Youthful metallurgist delighted in awesome appreciation and power among collaborators and in the wake of joining the gathering he soon turned into a gathering coordinator of the division.
In those years of his life there was another imperative occasion. As Nursultan Nazarbayev composed later “the initially meeting with my future wife Sara came into my life as the most significant day of those years. Furthermore, that meeting was … after the mishap, close to an impact heater. At the point when the mischance happens and metal is poured on the ground, the working movement does not go away until restore rail activity. That is the path there: working movement or the entire day, yet you ought to deal with it with your own imperfections. In that an awful minute – very nearly a day on the feet, all secured in ash, smoked, just eyes and teeth shining – I met a young lady who was on obligation that night at the electrical substation and came to see what happened under the impact heater … Indeed, soon – we masterminded the Komsomol youth wedding”.
Glad youthful family has become quickly and they had little girls – Dariga, Dinara, and later Aliya.
Be that as it may, professionally become likewise the youthful couple. The plant sends Nursultan Nazarbayev with another a few folks from his area of expertise to study to the Karaganda Polytechnic Institute. There he was enlisted in a gathering of PL-62-2 (foundry routine of ferrous and nonferrous metals), which was shaped from the understudies living in Temirtau.
In those years in specialized colleges directed an investigation of consolidating training with work on the work environment. This added to the handy side of their future claim to fame, in spite of the fact that it was exceptionally hard to work while learning at the establishment. In that way they have considered the first year, and the following two courses were “understudy” years with off-site from generation. With all the essential characteristics of the understudy’s life – tests, sessions, labs. These were years of further strong training of Nursultan Nazarbayev.
Nursultan Nazarbayev learned at the Karaganda Polytechnic Institute three years, and after that he was exchanged to the recently sorted out in Temirtau plant specialized school (“Plant VTUZ”) in the arrangement of Karaganda Metallurgical Plant and he graduated it with a level of metallurgical designer.
Tailing him his wife Sara Nazarbayeva, in 1967 get a degree in financial matters, graduating “Karmet” plant specialized school.
Nursultan Nazarbayev had new prospects. His craving dependably to be the pioneer, the capacity to motivate individuals and lead them have been seen and acknowledged. Since 1969, he consents to go to work in the gathering and in the Komsomol in Temirtau which has turned out to be just about a local city.
Toward the starting he reluctantly concurred with that proposition – he lamented the misfortune in pay and end of the “hot experience”. In any case, the inflexible party control requires that. Furthermore, his kindred steelworkers favored him to authority positions.
After some time he was included in this imperative occupation. It worked out that living amidst individuals, their hobbies and leisure activities, to coordinate and sort out their exercises – Nursultan Nazarbayev dependably had it in his qualities.
Later, numerous individuals who worked with him over and over pointed out his astonishing memory for individuals and occasions of their lives, his consistent craving to handle everything and figure out how to get to the embodiment, listen deliberately and comprehend the conversationalist.
As Nursultan Nazarbayev reviews, he had not the high aspirations, and additionally the uncommon energy for the authority positions. In any case, from youthful age framed self-regard, which did not permit him to stay in the “normal level”, this is the propensity dependably to be first. As a pioneer and coordinator, he slowly picked up experience speaking with distinctive individuals – from heads of offices to serves.
Full grown years
His arrangement in 1972 as a Secretary of the Party Committee of the local Karaganda Metallurgical Plant was the defining moment. Truth be told, he turned into the second individual after chief of the plant on a monstrous scale undertaking in Kazakhstan, where 30,000 individuals worked.
It was a huge obligation and the seriousness of which he soon felt completely. He needed to arrangement with gathering issues, as well as generation, yield projects, issues of upkeep and development, acquisition, family unit, lodging, social and family undertakings of numerous individuals.
He didn’t conceal the deficiencies at the plant and battled with them. Therefore, things showed signs of improvement at the plant, remade and refined Temirtau itself.
Nursultan Nazarbayev was working for the wellbeing of individuals, and was constantly certain that they will bolster him. Together with the metallurgists, he moved to the heater, together with the excavators plunged into the passage. That is the reason Nursultan Nazarbayev without trepidation entered high workplaces and looking for equity there likewise “talked straight from the shoulder”. He was not an unbridled criticaster, dependably quickly offered sensible answers for issues with the contentions asked in his grasp. Subsequently everyone hear him out precisely and concurred with him. Nursultan Nazarbayev’s power as a pioneer was high basically on the grounds that he got up from working “lower classes” and was well known “inside” with every one of the issues.
In the meantime he had a key sense, an enthusiasm for the future and everything new. There was a colossal need in the nation for such experienced and fiery work force. That is the reason in 1977 he got to be Secretary, then the Second Secretary of the Karaganda Regional Party Committee.
In 1979 Nursultan Nazarbayev got to be Secretary of the Central Committee of Communist Party of Kazakhstan. In 1984 he got to be Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Kazakh SSR – the most youthful, 44-year-old leader of the Union republics in the USSR. Be that as it may, regardless of the relative youth, he was completely develop statesman and government official.
From the tallness of his new position he could completely comprehend the degree and catastrophe of the twists made in the advancement of his local nation. He sees that Kazakhstan has transformed into a colossal crude material extremity of the Union economy.
Sixty percent of purchaser merchandise are transported in to Kazakhstan from different republics and the most dire needs of the general population of Kazakhstan were relinquished for the thing way of the improvement.
He saw that the brain of the other individuals clears with him and the entire nation stirred. December, 1986 turned into the first Kazakh “spring”, which was generally “solidified” by the Union Center amid short years of administration of G.Kolbin. Yet, it was difficult to stop the time. Maturing changes. Occasions moved quicker and speedier.
In the spring of 1989 the first option decisions to the incomparable organ of state force was held in the Soviet Union. In June 1989, Moscow facilitated the First Congress of People’s Deputies, amid which was overwhelmingly bantered about the requirement for change, issues of philosophy and financial matters. Promptly after the Congress of People’s Deputies Gennady Kolbin was moved to work in Moscow.June 22, 1989 the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR chooses Nursultan Nazarbayev to the post of First Secretary: 154 among 158 members of the plenum votes in support.
In July 1989 mineworkers’ strike started in Karaganda, where notwithstanding financial were advanced additionally political requests – to close the Semipalatinsk atomic test site. Nursultan Nazarbayev has really upheld the strikers’ requests – he comprehended individuals’ discontent with the imposing business model of the focal establishments. He and also the excavators truly needed the monetary freedom of Kazakhstan and the restriction of destructive tests.
Law based procedures have prompted the formation of mass specialists’ unions in the republics of the USSR. One of the first and most prominent developments in Kazakhstan was the natural development “Nevada – Semipalatinsk”, made in the spring of 1989 and had the end of the Semipalatinsk and alternate polygons in Kazakhstan as a last objective. This development additionally got solid backing of Nursultan Nazarbayev. His endeavors with mass backing of the general population of Kazakhstan made uncommon progress – the last shutting of the deadly Semipalatinsk test site.
April 24, 1990 the Supreme Council of the Kazakh SSR builds up the post of the President of the Kazakh SSR.
At the session of the Supreme Council of the republic Nursultan Nazarbayev is chosen as the first president ever.
December 1, 1991, was held the first national races of the president of the republic, where Nursultan Nazarbayev gets the supreme backing of his voters.
December 10, 1991 the Supreme Council of the Kazakh SSR receive a law renaming the Kazakh SSR to the Republic of Kazakhstan and behaviors the introduction of the President of Kazakhstan.
December 16, 1991 the Supreme Council of the Kazakh SSR announced the autonomy of the republic. Nursultan Nazarbayev turns into the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
At that point started another time of free Kazakhstan.
Thankful country welcomed the benefits of their perpetual pioneer. June 15, 2010 on the premise of the recently settled Constitutional Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan status of the Leader of the Nation was appointed to the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev.