|President of Rwanda|
24 March 2000
Acting: 24 March 2000 – 22 April 2000
|Prime Minister||Bernard Makuza
|Preceded by||Pasteur Bizimungu|
|Born||23 October 1957
(now Nyarutovu, Rwanda)
|Political party||Rwandan Patriotic Front|
Paul Kagame, (born October 1957, Rwanda), Rwandan military leader and politician, who, as leader of the Rwandan Patriot Front, vanquished Hutu fanatic strengths to end the 1994 Rwandan genocide. In 2000 he was elected president of Rwanda.
Paul Kagame experienced childhood in a state of banishment in Uganda, where his guardians had taken him as a youthful youngster when Hutu roughness toward the Tutsi flared in 1959 during the development to Rwandan independence from Belgium. In Uganda he learned at Makerere University in Kampala, before joining the powers of Yoweri Museveni, who toppled Ugandan Pres. Milton Obote in 1986. Paul Kagame turned into Museveni’s chief of intelligence and gained a notoriety for incorruptibility and seriousness by enforcing a stringent code of conduct. Numerous Ugandans disdained the Rwandan vicinity in their nation, on the other hand, and, as the 1980s shut, Paul Kagame and three other ostracize Rwandan military leaders shaped the Tutsi-drove Rwandan Patriot (Front Patriotique Rwandais; FPR) and plotted an invasion of their country. In 1990, while Paul Kagame was studying at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, that invasion—for the most part involving Tutsi veterans of the Ugandan army—was attempted and spurned. In the process the other three individuals from the FPR order were executed. Paul Kagame accepted heading of the common war, which was suspended in August 1993 by a peace understanding that guaranteed—yet never conveyed—genuine force sharing.
Right on time in April 1994 Rwandan Pres. Juvénal Habyarimana, a Hutu, was slaughtered when his plane was shot down over Kigali; this started a battle of genocide against the Tutsi and their moderate Hutu partners. Accordingly, Paul Kagame drove a power of 10,000–14,000 FPR fighters against the Hutu powers perpetrating the genocide. By eschewing direct ambushes and utilizing extended ordnance assaults on foe fortifications, Paul Kagame‘s powers could minimize setbacks and retake the capital, Kigali, in ahead of schedule July. At that point, in any case, more than 800,000 individuals had been slaughtered in the genocide. The FPR set up another government that had for its president a Hutu, Pasteur Bizimungu, yet the genuine force seemed to rest with Paul Kagame, who, at 37 years old, accepted the titles of VP and minister of protection. In 2000 he was chosen president of Rwanda’s transitional government by the National Assembly.
After the genocide, numerous Hutu strengths had fled to neighboring Zaire (after May 1997, the Democratic Republic of the Congo) and utilized the nation as a base from which to assault Rwanda. Baffled that Zaire’s government was not sufficiently taking activity to stop the assaults, Paul Kagame sent Rwandan troops into the nation in late 1996 to fight the Hutu powers. While there, the troops additionally intervened in the rebellion taking spot, supporting Laurent Kabila in his fruitful journey to remove Zairean president Mobutu Sese Seko. In 1998, after Kabila had been in force for somewhat more than a year, Paul Kagame moved backing to revolts who looked to remove Kabila. Paul Kagame was one of a few African leaders operating military powers in Congo during that nation’s affable war—named Africa’s “first world war” therefore—and he was the subject of much international feedback for Rwanda’s involvement. He upheld revolutionary powers until 2002, when he marked a peace accord and consented to uproot Rwandan troops in return for the demobilization and repatriation of Hutu powers in Congo.
During the 2003 presidential crusade, Paul Kagame depicted himself as a Rwandan as opposed to a Tutsi and endeavored to make light of the presence of ethnic strife in the nation. Paul Kagame—who occupied with forceful battle strategies against his Hutu adversaries, going so far as to capture rivals’ supporters and forcing a few contender to pull back from the race—won an avalanche triumph in the nation’s first multiparty decisions. He was sworn into office on Sept. 12, 2003, ending the nine-year transitional government. A noteworthy center of his administration was building national solidarity and the nation’s economy.
In 2006 Rwanda broke strategic ties with France after a French judge issued international capture warrants for a few of Paul Kagame‘s nearby partners and called for Paul Kagame to face trial at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (set up by the United Nations Security Council to attempt those involved in the 1994 genocide), alleging that Paul Kagame and other FPR leaders had requested the rocket assault that brought on the 1994 plane crash that murdered Habyarimana. Paul Kagame intensely denied the allegation and in turn asserted that France had equipped and exhorted the dissidents in charge of the genocide. In 2007 the Rwandan government dispatched a formal investigation into the 1994 plane accident. The outcomes, discharged in 2010, indicated that Hutu fanatic troopers were in charge of shooting down the plane, with an end goal to crash Habyarimana’s peace transactions with the Tutsi rebels.
In 2010 Paul Kagame looked for reelection. In the keep running up to the August presidential race, some restriction media outlets were stifled, and a few individuals, including an independent columnist and a resistance party leader, were killed—in spite of the fact that Paul Kagame promised that neither he nor his administration were involved in the killings. Due to this environment, a few resistance gatherings were not able field applicants; a few hopefuls confronted capture, others fled, and some were avoided from cooperation. The three applicants who in the long run remained against Paul Kagame postured little test. Authority results indicated that Paul Kagame had been reelected with 93 percent of the vote, and voter turnout was accounted for as more than 95%.