12th President of the United States
March 4, 1849[a] – July 9, 1850
|Vice President||Millard Fillmore|
|Preceded by||James K. Polk|
|Succeeded by||Millard Fillmore|
|Born||November 24, 1784
Barboursville, Virginia, U.S.
|Died||July 9, 1850 (aged 65)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Resting place||Zachary Taylor National Cemetery,
Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Margaret Smith (m. 1810; his death 1850)|
|Children||6, including Sarah Knox,Mary Elizabeth, and Richard Scott|
|Zachary Taylor Signature|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1808–1849|
|Commands||Army of Occupation|
|Battles/wars||War of 1812
• Siege of Fort Harrison
Black Hawk War
Second Seminole War
• Battle of Lake Okeechobee
• Battle of Palo Alto
• Battle of Resaca de la Palma
• Battle of Monterrey
• Battle of Buena Vista
Zachary Taylor was conceived on November 24, 1784, close Barboursville, Virginia. He spent a large portion of his adolescence in Louisville, Kentucky, where he lived with his guardians and seven siblings and sisters. He was destined to a group of grower who by 1800 possessed 10,000 sections of land in Kentucky and 26 slaves.
He knew from a youthful age that he needed a military profession. In 1808, his first officer bonus was as the leader of the army at Fort Pickering (present-day Memphis). In the wake of wedding in 1810, he and his wife and youngsters settled down in Louisiana, where Zachary Taylor ordered the Baton Rouge fortress. In spite of the fact that Zachary Taylor was a military man, he was otherwise called a slave proprietor from a well off family with bequests in Louisiana, Kentucky and Mississippi.
In 1845, Zachary Taylor picked up noticeable quality as an “Indian warrior” in the country’s fight with Native Americans in present-day Wisconsin, Minnesota, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Kansas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Florida and Texas. Despite the fact that he battled Native Americans, he additionally needed to shield their territories from white pilgrims and trusted a solid military vicinity was the answer for concurrence.
Zachary Taylor earned the moniker “Old Rough and Ready” because of his openness to offering the hardships of field obligation to his troops. He increased national-saint status amid the Mexican War when he won critical fights at Monterrey and Buena Vista. Supporters peered toward him as a presidential applicant.
Despite the fact that Zachary Taylor was an individual from the Whig Party, he distinguished himself more as a free or patriot. He spoke to Northerners for his long military record and was well known with Southerners for owning slaves. The Whig Party situated him as a war legend, a stage that permitted him more space when it came to avoiding disputable issues.
In November 1848, Zachary Taylor won the decision and turned into the country’s twelfth president, supplanting President James K. Polk. Zachary Taylor barely crushed the Democratic Party, drove by Michigan’s Lewis Cass, and the Free-Soil Party, drove by previous President Martin Van Buren. Tossed into the center of the subjugation talk about, Zachary Taylor tackled an abolitionist bondage incline. He asked California and New Mexico inhabitants to compose constitutions and apply for statehood, realizing that both would likely bar subjugation. He was right in his suspicions, and in doing as such infuriated Southerners who saw his activities as a selling out.
In February 1850, Zachary Taylor’s warmed session with Southern pioneers prompted their risk of withdrawal. To plague their endeavors, Zachary Taylor let them know that those “taken in insubordination to the Union, he would hang … with less hesitance than he had hanged traitors and spies in Mexico.”
After just 16 months in office, Zachary Taylor kicked the bucket on July 9, 1850, in the wake of whining of extreme stomach torments five days earlier. Doctors analyzed him as anguish from a gastrointestinal condition then known as “cholera morbus.” Vice President Millard Fillmore succeeded him after his passing. In spite of the fact that amid his residency Zachary Taylor attempted endeavors to determine the country’s subjection issue, his brief session in the presidential office couldn’t keep the approaching Civil War.
Zachary Taylor wedded Margaret Mackall Smith of Maryland on June 21, 1810. Together they brought their six youngsters up in Louisiana: Ann Margaret Mackall (1811–1875), Sarah Knox (1814–1835), Octavia Pannill (1816–1820), Margaret Smith (1819–1820), Mary Elizabeth (1824–1909) and Richard (1826–1879). After Zachary Taylor’s unforeseen passing on July 9, 1850, an expected 100,000 weepers covered his burial service course in Washington, D.C. He is covered in the Zachary Zachary Taylor National Cemetery close Louisville.